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GATE 2023 Metallurgy Subject Wise Weightage, Best Books

Diksha Sharma
Diksha SharmaUpdated On: August 29, 2022 05:13 pm IST | GATE

Check GATE 2023 Metallurgy chapter or subject wise weightage here along with 2021, 2020 & 2019 question paper analysis. In addition, check the list of best books for GATE Metallurgy here.

GATE Metallurgy Subject Wise Weightage, Best Books

GATE Metallurgy: GATE exam is one of the most popular national level entrance exams which is conducted to provide admission to 2-year M.Tech Program at the Engineering Colleges in India. Along with other subjects, Metallurgy is also a popular GATE subject for which thousands of students register every year. One of the keys to scoring good marks in the GATE Metallurgy exam is to prepare an effective preparation strategy. In order to prepare a good preparation plan, it is also important for the candidates to be aware of the preparation tips, syllabus and other aspects of the Metallurgy. The following article will overview the GATE 2023 Metallurgy preparation tips, syllabus, topics wise weightage, and best books.

GATE Metallurgy Question Paper Analysis

GATE Metallurgy (MT) Cutoff

GATE 2023 Metallurgy Syllabus

The IIT Kanpur has released the GATE Metallurgy syllabus 2023 in the official notification 2023. Before diving into the subject-wise weightage of GATE 2023 Metallurgy, go through the GATE 2023 syllabus of metallurgy given below to check the subjects and topics that will come in the exam.

GATE Metallurgical Engineering Section

Engineering Mathematics- Section 1

Calculus: Maxima and minima; Limit, Continuity and Differentiability; Partial derivatives; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series.

Linear Algebra: Systems of linear equations, Matrices and Determinants, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Differential Equations: Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations; one dimensional heat and wave equations,  Laplace transforms; PDEs –Laplace,

Numerical Methods: integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Solutions of linear and non-linear (Bisection, Secant, Newton- Raphson methods) algebraic equations;  single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Vector Calculus: Gradient; Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems, Divergence and Curl; Line, Surface and volume integrals

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Analysis of experimental data; linear least squares method, Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, Random variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; 

Metallurgical Thermodynamics- Section 2

Electrochemistry: Electrochemical cells, Single electrode potential, Nernst equation, Potential-pH diagrams.

Laws of thermodynamics:Enthalpy, Gibbs and Helmholtz free energy; Maxwell’s relations; Chemical potential;  First law – energy conservation, Second law – entropy; Gibbs phase rule, phase equilibria, binary phase diagram and lever rule, free-energy vs. composition diagrams; Applications to metallurgical systems, solutions, ideal and regular solutions; Equilibrium constant, Activity, Ellingham and phase stability diagrams; Thermodynamics of point defects, surfaces and interfaces, adsorption and segregation phenomena.

Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes- Section 3

Heat transfer: Fourier’s Law, 1-D steady state conduction, Conduction,

Momentum transfer: Mechanical energy balance equation, Concept of viscosity, shell balances, Bernoulli’s equation, flow past plane surfaces and through pipes.

Convection: Heat transfer coefficient relations for forced convection.

Mass transfer: Mass transfer coefficients, Diffusion and Fick’s laws

Radiation: Black body radiation, Kirchhoff’s Law, Stefan-Boltzman Law, 

Dimensional analysis: Significance of dimensionless numbers, Buckingham Pi theorem

Electrochemical kinetics: Polarization.

Basic laws of chemical kinetics: reaction rate constant, Arrhenius relation, First order reactions, heterogeneous reactions, oxidation kinetics.

Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy- Section 4

Material and Energy balances in metallurgical processes; Principles and processes for the extraction of non- ferrous metals – aluminium, copper and titanium.

Comminution techniques:Gravity and other methods of mineral beneficiation;  Size classification, Flotation, Agglomeration: sintering, pelletizing and briquetting.

Iron and steel making: Structure and properties of slags and molten salts – basicity of slags – sulphide and phosphate capacity of slags; Material and heat balance in blast furnace; Production of metallurgical coke.

Primary steel making: Process dynamics, Basic oxygen furnace, oxidation reactions, electric arc furnace.

Other methods of iron making (COREX, MIDRE)

Continuous Casting: Fluid flow in the tundish and mould, heat transfer in the mould, segregation, inclusion control.

Secondary steel making: argon stirring, Ladle process – deoxidation, desulphurization, principles of degassing methods; inclusion shape control, Basics of stainless steel manufacturing.

Physical Metallurgy- Section 5

X-ray Diffraction – optical metallography, principles of SEM imaging, Bragg’s law,

Chemical Bonding: Ionic, covalent, metallic, and secondary bonding in materials, Crystal structure of solids – metals and alloys, ionic and covalent solids, and polymers.

Crystal Imperfections: Coherent, semi-coherent and incoherent interfaces, Point, line and surface defects; 

Phase transformation: Driving force, Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, growth kinetics.

Diffusion in solids: Diffusion equation, steady state and error function solutions; Examples- homogenenization and carburization; Kirkendall effect; Uphill diffusion; Atomic models for interstitial and substitutional diffusion; Pipe diffusion and grain boundary diffusion.

Solidification in isomorphous, eutectic and peritectic systems, cast structures and macrosegregation, dendritic solidification and constitutional supercooling, coring and microsegregation.

Principles of heat treatment of steels, Recovery, recrystallization and grain growth; TTT and CCT diagrams; Surface hardening treatments; Heat treatment of cast iron and aluminium alloys.

Solid state transformations: Precipitate coarsening, Gibbs-Thomson effect,  Precipitation, spinoidal decomposition, ordering, massive transformation, discontinuous precipitation, eutectoid transformation, diffusionless transformations

Electronic, magnetic and optical properties of materials.

Basic forms of corrosion and its prevention.

Mechanical Metallurgy- Section 6 

Dislocation theory: Edge, screw and mixed dislocations, source and multiplication of dislocations, stress fields

around dislocations; Partial dislocations, dislocation interactions and reactions.

Strain tensor and stress tensor, Representation by Mohr’s circle, elasticity, stiffness and compliance tensor, Yield criteria, Plastic deformation by slip and twinning.

Strengthening mechanisms: Work/strain hardening, strengthening due to grain boundaries, solid solution, precipitation and dispersion.

Fatigue: Cyclic stress strain behaviour – low and high cycle fatigue, crack growth.

Fracture behaviour, fracture toughness,  Griffith theory, linear elastic fracture mechanics, fractography, ductile to brittle transition.

Mechanisms of high temperature deformation and failure; creep and stress rupture, stress exponent and activation energy.

Manufacturing Processes- Section 7

Hot, warm and cold working of metals: Metal forming – fundamentals of metal forming processes of rolling, forging, extrusion, wire drawing and sheet metal forming, defects in forming.

Metal casting: Mould design involving feeding, gating and risering, casting practices, casting defects.

Metal joining: Principles of soldering, brazing and welding, welding metallurgy, defects in welded joints in steels and aluminium alloys.

Non-destructive Testing (NDT): Dye-penetrant, ultrasonic, radiography, eddy current, acoustic emission and magnetic particle inspection methods.

Powder metallurgy: production of powders, compaction and sintering

GATE 2023 Metallurgy Subject Wise Weightage

The subject wise weightage is an important component for the candidates which will help the candidate prepare accordingly. Given below is the GATE 2023 Metallurgy subject wise weightage for different subjects:


Important Topics

Weightage (%)

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra, Probability & Statistics, Calculus


General Aptitude

Sentence Correction, Verbal Reasoning, Critical Reasoning, Data Interpretation, Number System


Metallurgical Thermodynamics

Electrochemistry, Laws of Thermodynamic


Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes

Convection, Heat Transfer, Chemical Kinetics & Laws, Momentum Transfer, Mass Transfer


Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy

Iron & Steel Making, Continuous Casting, Primary & Secondary Steel Making


Physical Metallurgy

Solid Diffusions, Chemical Bonding, Solid State Transformation


Mechanical Metallurgy

Fatigue, Dislocation Theory


Manufacturing Processes

Metal Casting & Joining, NDT


Note- The GATE Metallurgy subject-wise weightage given above is tentative as per the previous year trends not official. 

What is a Good Score for GATE 2023 Metallurgy?

Many candidates wonder how much score is a good score is in the GATE Metallurgy exam. Given below is the analysis of GATE 2023 expected good score for Metallurgy:


Expected Good Score

Engineering Mathematics


General Aptitude


Metallurgical Thermodynamics


Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes


Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy


Physical Metallurgy


Mechanical Metallurgy


Manufacturing Processes


GATE Metallurgy Subject Wise Weightage

Go through the previous year's GATE Metallurgy subject wise weightage given below to get an idea about the upcoming exam weightage. The 2020 & 2019 subject wise weightage for GATE Metallurgy is given below:


2020 Weightage

2019 Weightage

Engineering Mathematics



General Aptitude



Metallurgical Thermodynamics



Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes



Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy



Physical Metallurgy



Mechanical Metallurgy



Manufacturing Processes



List of Best Books for GATE Metallurgy 2023

It is important for the candidates to choose the best books to prepare for the GATE Metallurgy exam. The right choice of books will explain each topic and concept well and will help you score good marks in the GATE Metallurgy 2023 examGiven below are some of the best books for GATE Metallurgy exam for the students:

Higher Engineering Mathematics by B.S. Grewal

Mechanics of Materials by B.C. Punmia

Physical Metallurgy by V. R. Raghavan

Textbook Of Materials And Metallurgical Thermodynamics by Ahindra Ghosh

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