Civil Engineering vs Architecture: Exam, Fees and Scope

Akansha Sirohi
Akansha SirohiUpdated On: June 29, 2017 04:42 pm IST | JEE Main
  • Civil Engineering is the mathematical study and analogy of different type of structures.
  • Architecture is the study of the artistic and organisational aspects or construction.
  • There are ample job opportunities for architects as well as civil engineers in India.
Civil Engineering vs Architecture: Exam, Fees and Scope

Civil Engineering and Architecture are the most favourable courses for students who want to pursue a career in construction and infrastructure development. If you are wondering which one of the above is the better programme then you will find the answers below.

With both civil engineers and architects in demand, there are ample job opportunities in India. Following are the details you need to know about the two courses.

Check out the Difference between Civil Engineering and Architecture Below:


Civil Engineering


Course Name

Bachelors of Technology (B.Tech) in Civil Engineering

Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)


4 years

5 years

Entrance Exam

JEE Advanced, JEE Mains, BITSAT, MHT CET and other state-level as well as private university entrance exam.

JEE Advanced, JEE Mains, NATA, JEE Advanced Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT) and others.

About the Course

Civil Engineering is the mathematical study and analogy of the material, type of structure, beams and foundation required for construction of buildings, houses, bridges, shores, dams, etc. This field of education also teaches you designing concepts and maintenance of different structures.

Architecture is the study of the artistic and organisational aspects or construction. This course will enable you to lean space management for maximum utility along with architectural planning and design. This field has very less use of core mathematics.

Popular Subjects

  • Strength of Material
  • Structural Analysis
  • Survey & Building Materials
  • Hydrology & Irrigation Engineering
  • RCC Structures
  • Steel Structures
  • Civil Draftsman & Architecture
  • Interior & Exterior Design
  • Architectural Designs
  • Building Constructions
  • Foundation Design
  • Construction Project Management


The fee structure of civil engineering will vary from college to college, however, you can expect the tuition fee of the entire course to vary from Rs. 2.05 lakh to Rs. 4 lakh.

The tuition fee for the entire B.Arch course will vary from Rs. 2.46 lakh to Rs. 4.90 lakh. Fees of Government colleges will be way below the private colleges.

Career Scope

The past two decades have been devoted to the technological development in India. This has led to the development of railway lines, roads, bridges, dams, etc. With the aim to improve infrastructure in India, various construction companies and government departments are hiring qualified civil engineers in order to develop sustainable structures.

India is moving towards rapid urbanisation and there is a constant need to come up with architectural designs that can accommodate more people in less area. To accomplish this and move towards vertical construction development, there is a need of good architects in India. There are various government as well private organisations that hire architects.

Popular Companies

  • THDC
  • PWD
  • Larsen & Toubro Construction
  • Tata Projects Ltd.
  • IRCON International Ltd.
  • Jaypee Group
  • Essar Group
  • Hindustan Construction Company
  • MDDA
  • DMRC
  • Manchanda Associates
  • Larsen & Toubro
  • Edifice Architects Pvt.Ltd.
  • DLF
  • Architect Consultants
  • Jindals
  • Chitra Vishwanath Architects
  • Jones Lang LaSalle Meghraj
  • Sahara Group
  • VSA Space Design (P) Ltd.


Civil Engineers can get salaries ranging from Rs. 3.5 lakh to Rs. 14 lakh per annum. This varies from college to college.

After completing B.Arch, graduates can expect a salary of Rs. 2.5 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh per annum.

What to Choose Between Civil Engineering and Architectural Engineering?

Now that you know the difference between the two programmes, you must choose the course that you find more interesting. Your decision must depend on your skillset i.e. if you are good in mathematics, physics and want to study the science of construction you can pursue Civil Engineering.

Also Read:Find out all about Electronics and Communication Engineering: Jobs and Scope

However, if you are skilled at drawing and have a knack of precision then architecture is the right field for you. Make sure that you consider all the aspects before picking the course. As admission to both the courses are based on entrance exams, you will have to score well in order to secure a seat at the top colleges.

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