Download the app to find the best colleges for you
Download now

GATE Biotechnology (BT) 2024 Subject Wise Weightage, Important Topics, Best Books

Diksha Sharma
Diksha SharmaUpdated On: October 12, 2023 10:03 am IST | GATE

Check GATE 2024 Biotechnology chapter or subject-wise weightage here along with previous years question paper analysis. Also, check the list of best books for GATE BT 2024 Here.

GATE Biotechnology (BT) Subject Wise Weightage, Important Topics, Best Books

GATE Biotechnology (BT) 2024 Subject Wise Weightage: Biotechnology Engineering is one of the most prevalent exams of GATE. With the GATE 2024 exam upcoming, many aspirants are wondering about the important topics & subject-wise weightage for the GATE 2024 Biotechnology paper.

GATE 2024 is a major entrance exam for which lakhs of candidates register every year. The GATE 2024 Exam is scheduled to be conducted on February 3, 4, 10, and 11, 2024. However, IISC Bangalore hasn't disclosed the subject-wise GATE exam dates for 2024 on the official website, Once released, the same will be updated here. The candidates who qualify for the entrance exam are provided admission to M.Tech programs at the top tier Engineering Institutes in India. Having knowledge about the subject-wise weightage and important topics will help the candidates retain their focus on vital components of the GATE Syllabus 2024 and hence, score well in the exam. Meanwhile, learning about some of the best books for GATE Biotechnology will also help the candidates through their preparation.

Also read: GATE Syllabus 2024
The following article will overview the GATE Biotechnology (BT) 2024 subject-wise weightage, important topics, and best books for preparation. Candidates can check the GATE official Syllabus PDF from the direct link given below.

GATE 2024 Biotechnology (BT) Subject Wise Weightage

The GATE 2024 Biotechnology (BT) subject-wise weightage will help the candidates understand the important components of the GATE BT syllabus. 


Important Topics

Expected Marks Weightage


  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Probability & Statistics



  • Biomolecules- Structure & Functions
  • Enzymes- Classification, Kinetics & Mechanism of Action
  • Respiration & Electron Transport Chain



  • Nitrogen Fixation
  • Microbial Classification
  • Virus Classifications
  • Microbial Diseases

Cell Biology

  • Prokaryotic Cell Structures
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Growth Control (Cancer)

Molecular Biology & Genetics

  • Molecular STructure of Genes & Chromosomes
  • Mutation & Mutagenesis
  • Nucleic Acid Replication, Transcription, Translation
  • DNA Damage & Repair

Analytical Techniques

  • Chromatography & its Principles
  • Principles of Spectroscopy
  • Microarray


  • Antibody Classification
  • Antigen-Antibody Reaction
  • Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)
  • Complement Pathway


  • Analytics Tools
  • Major Bioinformatic Tools
  • Sequence & Structure Database
  • Phylogeny

Recombinant DNA Technology (Genetic Engineering)

  • Restriction & Modification Enzymes
  • Vectors & Plasmid
  • DNA Sequencing
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • In-situ Hybridisation

Plant & Animal Biotechnology

  • Media Compositions & Growth Conditions
  • Kinetics of Cell Growth
  • Anchorage & Non-Anchorage Dependent Cell Structure
  • Transgenic Animals
  • Totipotency
  • Regeneration of Plants
  • Production of Secondary Metabolites

Bioprocess Engineering & Process Biotechnology

  • Rheology of Fermentation Fluids
  • Mass & Heat Transfer
  • Kinetics of Microbial Growth
  • Aeration & Agitation
  • Bioprocess Design & Development
  • Biofuels, Bioplastics, Industrial Enzymes, Antibiotics
  • Biomass Production

General Aptitude



What is a Good Score in GATE 2024 Biotechnology (BT)?

What is a good score in the GATE 2024 Biotechnology? Let us understand it with the help of the below table:


Good Score (Expected)







Cell Biology


Molecular Biology & Genetics


Analytical Techniques






Recombinant DNA Technology (Genetic Engineering)


Plant & Animal Biotechnology


Bioprocess Engineering & Process Biotechnology


GATE BT 2020 & 2019 Subject Wise Weightage

Given below are the subject-wise weightage for GATE BT previous years which will further help the candidates learn about the important topics of the GATE BT syllabus:


Marks Weightage 2020

Marks Weightage 2019

Engineering Mathematics



Plant and Animal Biotechnology






Bioprocess Engineering



General Aptitude



GATE BT Sample Questions

If you are looking for the GATE Sample Papers, you can refer to it from the image below. It is to be noted that, this is for reference purposes.

List of Best Books for GATE BT 2024

When it comes to GATE preparation, the chances of a good preparation greatly depend on the books which you use for studying. Listed below are some of the best books for GATE BT 2024 as per the latest syllabus which will help you score well in the exam:

Name of the book

Author / Publication

Life Science Part 1 and 2.

Pathfinder publications


Pranav Kumar

GATE General Aptitude and Mathematics

GK Publishers

Principle of Bioprocess Engineering

P. Doran

Bioprocess Engineering

Schuler & Kargi

Fundamentals of Biochemistry




GATE Biotechnology

GK Publishers

Molecular Cell Biology

lodish and Baltimore

Molecular biology of the gene

James Watson

Bioprocess Engineering principles

Pauline Doran

Principles of Gene Manipulation

Primrose & Twyman



Advanced Engineering Mathematics

Erwin Kreyszig

Plant Biotech


Gene cloning and DNA analysis

T.A Brown

Related Articles

GATE Previous Year Question Papers

GATE Exam Pattern

Preparation Strategy for GATE

GATE Cutoff

We hope that this article on  GATE Biotechnology (BT) subject-wise weightage was helpful and informative. For more such updates related to the GATE exam, stay tuned to College Dekho.


Which subject has highest weightage in GATE Biotechnology (BT) 2024?

Plant and animal biotechnology may be considered around 15 to 20 marks in the GATE Syllabus for Biotechnology (BT) 2024.

Will there be negative marking on the biotechnology GATE 2024 paper?

Yes, GATE 2024 BT exam will consist of negative markings. For 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Similarly, for 2 mark MCQs, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Moreover, there is no provision for any negative marking for incorrect answers in numerical answer type (NAT) questions.

What is the subject wise weightage for Biotechnology in GATE?

There subject wise weightage for Biotechnology in GATE consists of 3 sections in GATE 2023 Biotechnology Syllabus that includes General Aptitude - 15%, Engineering Mathematics - 13%,  Core Subject - 72%.

What is the syllabus of GATE BT 2024?

The syllabus of GATE BT 2024 consists of some of the following subjects that include Recombinant DNA Technology and other tools in Biotechnology, Fundamentals of Biological Engineering, Plant, Animal Microbial Biotechnology, Bioprocess Engineering Process Biotechnology.

What is a good score in GATE Biotechnology?

70 to 75 is considered a good score in GATE Biotechnology 2024 Exam.

Do questions repeat in GATE Biotechnology?

No, the questions are not repeated in GATE BT 2024 Exam. Moreover, candidates can expect the pattern of the question to can be the same. 

View More
View All Questions

Related Questions

When are the admission in MBA HR..

-NishiUpdated on November 20, 2023 02:14 PM
  • 2 Answers
Vani Jha, Student / Alumni

Dear Nishi,

School of Business Management & Technology Admission in MBA (HR) are currently ongoing. You can apply for the course online. The application process for the available course is given below. You are chosen depending on your performance in the qualifying exam.

  1. Download the application form from the website.
  2. Fill out the application form to the best of your ability.
  3. On the specified dates, the merit list of short-listed candidates will be posted on the Internet or on the campus notice board.
  4. If you are chosen, you will be required to come to the institute for document verification.

At …


How to register for B.Tech admission at Indian Institution of Industrial Engineering?

-Sandeep Updated on November 08, 2023 06:08 PM
  • 2 Answers
Diksha Sharma, Student / Alumni

Dear Student,

The admission to the B.Tech program at the Indian Institution of Industrial Engineering is done on the basis of a written Admission Test, followed by an interview at a place as promulgated by IIIE NHQ. You can register for admission by visiting the official website of IIIE and filling up the application form online. The shortlisted candidates will be further called for the written test when scheduled.

Meanwhile, you can also check the following article to learn more:

Top B.Tech Colleges in India

Direct B.Tech Admission 2021

Engineering (BE/ B.Tech) Admission Process 2021

You can also fill the …


MSC physics shall apply for metch nanotechnology

-allwin fernandesUpdated on October 10, 2023 10:27 AM
  • 1 Answer
Sanjukta Deka, Student / Alumni

Yes, you can apply for M.Tech Nanotechnology in Jayalakshmi Institute of Technology (JIT) with an MSc in Physics. Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field that deals with the manipulation of matter at the atomic and molecular scale. It has applications in a wide range of fields, including electronics, medicine, and energy. The M.Tech Nanotechnology programme at JIT is a two-year program that covers a wide range of topics, including: a) Nanomaterials and synthesis b) Nanofabrication c) Nanometrology d) Nanodevices and applications  


Do you have a question? Ask us.

  • Typical response between 24-48 hours

  • Get personalized response

  • Free of Cost

  • Access to community

Recent Articles

Recent News

Subscribe to CollegeDekho News

By proceeding ahead you expressly agree to the CollegeDekho terms of use and privacy policy
Apply Now

Top 10 Engineering Colleges in India

View All