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Higher Studies after MBBS: Career Options and Scope

RupsaUpdated On: July 19, 2022 03:12 pm IST

There are various opportunities for students who have completed their MBBS course in the government as well as the private sector. Graduates can choose to pursue post-graduation or take up jobs after completing the MBBS programme.

Higher Studies after MBBS

It is very important to make good decisions when no bad options are available and this article provides a complete range of options that students can choose from after completing the MBBS course. This will help students with the question of what after MBBS? It is not just about further studies after MBBS, but also about job opportunities. There are a plethora of opportunities in terms of employment across different sectors. The health care sector is one of the most vital ones and has been witnessing a huge requirement of qualified and experienced professionals.

Before choosing the medical field, you must figure out what you want to do after you have pursued your MBBS degree. Doing thorough research before pursuing MBBS is essential as medical courses are quite expensive, especially if you are pursuing education from a private medical institute.

Apart from practicing medicine after completing the MBBS course, there are various traditional and contemporary career opportunities that you can pick after the completion of the programme. Check the following table for career options after MBBS courses and their salary scope.

What Happens after MBBS? Going for Higher Education

Most MBBS graduates choose to continue their higher education after their MBBS course. But there is a mix of both traditional and unconventional specialisations or new age specialisations that are new to the medical field. Some of them choose to pursue their post-graduation courses after the completion of MBBS in India while others choose to go abroad. Here are the points described below with specific options.

Traditional Specialisations after completing MBBS 

When candidates are deciding what to do after completing MBBS, they pursue a certain specialisation in their area of interest and passion. Medicos mostly prefer courses such as an MD/MS or a Diploma in Medicine. When it comes to admission to MD/MS courses in India, it takes place through some common PG entrance exams such as NEET PG and INI CET. Various specialisations available under MD, MS and different diploma programs are stated in the table given below:

PG Specialisations after completing MBBS:

MS Specialisations

MD Specialisations 

Diploma Specialisations




General Surgery

Aerospace Medicine

Clinical Pathology

Obstetrics and Gynaecology







Community Medicine

Health Education


Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy



Family Medicine

Obstetrics and Gynaecology


Forensic Medicine

Occupational Health


General Medicine






Health Administration







Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


Nuclear Medicine

Pulmonary Medicine






Radiation Medicine



Sports Medicine



Tropical Medicine


Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation



Pulmonary Medicine









Tropical Medicine



Sports Medicine


Forthcoming courses in the field of Medical Science and Technology

One of the most promising and upcoming streams is Masters in Medical Science and Technology. Under this course, doctors are trained for top-notch medical research in various aspects such as Medical Imaging and Image Analysis, Regenerative Medicine, Biomaterials and Implants, Medical Statistics, Stem Cells, Telemedicine, Early Cancer Detection, Biomedical Instrumentation, Immuno-technology, Clinical Biomarkers, Recombinant DNA Technology, Biosensors, Regenerative Medicine, Biomedical Simulation. 

Options for studying abroad

MBBS graduates can also choose to pursue higher studies in various countries but the process of studying medicine abroad is different. For example, if one wishes to study medicine in the UK, they have to appear for the PLAB exam. Similarly, in the USA, there is USMLE for aspiring post-graduation candidates and Australia has Australia Medical Council which conducts the AMC exams. All these exams will help students begin their post-graduation studies in their respective countries along with job opportunities after the completion of their course. 

MBBS Courses and Career Options:

Career Options

About the Course/ Job

Scope of the Course/ Job

Salary (Approx.)

MD or MS

MD or MS are the most favourable options after completing MBBS. These are both post-graduate degrees that help Doctors to acquire advanced education in various specialisations of medicine.

With the help of these degrees, Doctors acquire advanced knowledge that helps them in getting better jobs on the basis of their practice. It is a well-known fact that surgeons and qualified physicians are required across the world.

Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 3 lakh per month (depending on hospital where the Doctor is employed)

Diploma of National Board(DNB)

DNB is another good option after completing MBBS. The course is offered by the National Board of Examinations and is approved by the Medical Council of India (MCI).

Individuals with a DNB are less in demand than individuals with MD or MS, however, there are various hospitals and medical facilities that hire qualified DNB holders.

Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 45,000 per month

Combined Medical Services(CMS)

UPSC conducts the Combined Medical Services exam every year for selecting Doctors who can cater to the medical facilities of different government departments.

On clearing the CMA exam and interview, candidates are offered the role of doctors in different government offices such as Railway, Medical Departments, Municipal Corporations, etc.

Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 80,000 per month

MBA in Hospital Management

Another field that has emerged for doctors who want to work in the corporate sector is MBA in hospital management. Some of the top b-schools including IIMs, FMS Delhi, IBS Hyderabad, etc. offer courses in this field.

Pursuing an MBA can open your chances of getting jobs in multinational pharmaceutical companies, manage operations at big hospitals such Fortis, Apollo Hospital, etc. One can also choose to work with health insurance organisations.

Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 2.5 lakh per month

Clinical Research

Since research in the field of Medicine is one of the unexplored areas in India, you can devote yourself to come up with innovative and helpful medical findings.

There are various organisations in India that offer research programmes and jobs including Indian Council for Medical Research, AIIMS, TIFR, etc. Jobs are also offered by organisations such as WHO.

Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month for freshers.

Masters in Health Administration (MHA)

It is another postgraduate medical programme (MD). The duration of this programme is 3 years and it provides education useful in the field of health administration.

Candidates who successfully complete this programme are hired to manage big hospitals, health care centres, clinics and insurance companies at high salaries.

Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month

Primary Health Centres

Candidates who seek more field experience can also work in rural areas in order to add value to their education.

There are various primary health centres started by the government as well as private organisations that offer job opportunities to fresh MBBS graduates.

Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month

Starting Private Clinic

If you have enough capital, you can also start your own clinic and practice.

It is important to do a local survey in order to ensure that the clinic performs well and gives the expected ROI.

Rs.30,000 to Rs. 80,000 per month

Also Read:BAMS vs BHMS: Eligibility, Fees, Job Scope and Salary

Other Opportunities After MBBS 

There are many opportunities available for MBBS graduates after completing graduate studies such as:

Working for the Government in various health service departments

The central and state government recruits MBBS graduates in different government job profiles and the recruitment process is mostly done through the Combined Medical Services (CMS). Through the CMS, UPSC recruits doctors for several central government institutes like Railways, Government hospitals, Municipal corporations, and dispensaries. These are permanent jobs and eventually, candidates are also offered administrative work in different government health services. There are also many state-service exams that open doors to job opportunities for MBBS graduates in different states. 

Also Read: Difference between UPSC CMS and NEET PG

Jobs in Defence Service

Jobs in the defence sector is not limited to engineers and other graduates- doctors are equally in demand for defence services such as the army, navy, and air force. MBBS graduates are recruited by the Indian Defence Ministry who work in the infantry units, and army hospitals, as well as provide emergency services. These medical graduates recruited by the Indian Defence Ministry are also trained in military camps and then appointed to permanent positions. This training is important so that doctors can work in sync with all army personnel, and gauge the emergency situations wherever army and defence personnel are required to step in and rescue people or provide them with relief. 

Jobs in Hospital Chains

There are various hospital chains operating in the private sector where wonderful work opportunities are available for MBBS graduates who are yet to decide what they want to do further in their field of education and career. Some of the topmost hospital chains in this category are Apollo Hospitals, Fortis Hospitals, and Max Hospitals. Doctors working in these private hospitals are always rewarded with a handsome salary. 

Research Opportunities and Academics

MBBS doctors with an inclination and passion for research can find it very satisfying to pursue the same and become a part of the academic community. They will be responsible for training aspiring doctors and medical professionals. There are several top pharmaceutical firms that offer promising job prospects to medicos in their units of research and development. There are many renowned and esteemed medical institutions that offer excellent research opportunities such as AIIMS, PGIMER, JIPMER, ICMR, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, and Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), etc. 

A career in Administration or Hospital Management

MBBS graduates with management skills can choose to study Hospital Management and improve their knowledge of medicine along with honing their capability of handling a management role. We are well aware of the fact that if a hospital's day-to-day activities are well-managed, then the services are highly organised and the hospital body becomes immensely functional. There are abundant hospitals that recruit doctors wherever they deem fit for managerial positions. Doctors are equipped with the knowledge of understanding certain problems better than others and they can tackle challenges in a much more efficient way. Such doctors in the health and hospital management industry are highly sought after. In most cases, doctors who have completed their MBBS course and pursued management programs in their post-graduation studies are offered such positions. There are several Masters-level programs namely Health Administration and Hospital Management where doctors are taught to manage multi-specialty hospitals, different special clinics, and insurance companies, to name a few. 

Scope in Biomedical Engineering and Sciences

Candidates who have a flair for technology, machines and how they work can also opt for their higher studies in the specialised field of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences. They will be working on the development of machines and instruments that will be put to use in different healthcare services. These courses require students to acquire engineering skills and strategies in order to make advancements and inventions in the field of medical science which will in return improve the healthcare industry and provide better medical care. 

Being self-employed through private clinics and/or public health

Many medicos choose to set up a clinic of their own and begin their practise of medicine at a private firm. However, it comes with its own set of challenges. But many MBBS graduates choose this option in order to gain hands-on experience and earn money at the same time. 

The demand for doctors in the field of public health is also increasing day by day. There are a lot of career opportunities in this field where professionals can become social workers, research consultants, counsellors, entrepreneurs, trainers, and also work in the psychiatric department. Other than that, MBBS graduates who are considering working for NGOs also need to keep in mind that not every job offered by NGOs is unpaid. Some of the prominent NGOs that offer excellent work opportunities are WHO, UNO, and Medecins Sans Frontieres. 

For more focused options on what after MBBS, it is also essential that you choose the right medical colleges and MBBS specialisations carefully. Find out the medical colleges that offer the best courses and ROI for MBBS programmes at


Is studying any higher study programs the only option after MBBS?


No. Candidates who seek more field experience can work in any rural area to add value to their education. If you have sufficient capital, you can start your own clinic and practice.


What is the duration of Masters in Health Administration (MHA)?

It takes 3 years to complete the Master in Health Administration program.

Is MD/MS a good choice after MBBS?

Yes. Both MD and MS are the most favourable options after completing MBBS. These are post-graduate degrees that help Doctors to acquire advanced education in various specializations of medicine. It is a well-known fact that surgeons and qualified physicians are required across the world!

Is there any organization in India that offers research programs or jobs relating to it?

Yes, various organizations actually! Organizations like Indian Council for Medical Research, AIIMS, TIFR, etc. provide research programs and jobs are also offered by organisations like WHO.

Is there any option for me to work in the corporate sector after completing MBBS?

Yes. Doctors who want to work in the corporate sector after MBBS, can apply for MBA in Hospital Management and focus on the management side of pharmaceutical companies, big hospitals or health insurance organisations.

Who conducts the CMS exam?

UPSC conducts the Combined Medical Services (CMS) exam every year for selecting the Doctors who can cater to the medical facilities of different government departments.

When will I be eligible for Combined Medical Services?

Candidates will be eligible for Combined Medical Services (CMS) when they clear the CMS exam and the interview following that.

Is DNB better than MD or MS?


Individuals with a DNB are usually less in demand than individuals with MD or MS. But still, there are various hospitals and medical facilities that hire qualified DNB holders. 


What are the career/course options that are available after completing MBBS?

Career/course options that will be available for you, after MBBS are:

  • MD/MS

  • Diploma of National Board (DNB)

  • Combined Medical Services (CMS)

  • MBA in Hospital Management

  • Clinical Research

  • Masters in Health Administration

  • Primary Health Centres

  • Starting Private Clinics

What can I do after completing MBBS?

After completing MBBS, you can opt to either pursue higher study programmes like MD/MS, MBA in Hospital Management, Masters in Health Administration, etc. or open your own clinic or work in a health care centre.

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