BAMS vs BHMS: Eligibility, Fees, Job Scope and Salary

Rohan Tyagi
Rohan TyagiUpdated On: June 16, 2023 01:05 pm IST | NEET

BAMS and BHMS are two of the most promising medical courses that you can consider. The demand for natural treatments and medication is rising, therefore, the courses of BAMS and BHMS are gaining more popularity. Find out more details about BAMS and BHMS courses below.

BAMS vs BHMS: Eligibility, Fees, Job Scope and Salary

BAMS vs BHMS: There has been a strong rise in the number of students planning to pursue BAMS and BHMS courses over the past couple of years.  Are you looking for medical courses other than MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) and BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) with a bright career prospect? BHMS Full Form is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery and Bachelor of Ayurveda Medical and Surgery (BAMS)  are the two courses that you can consider after completing class 12. These courses are quite popular amongst students who want to make a career in natural forms of medicine. Admission to both BAMS and BHMS courses are done majorly on the basis of NEET result 2022 and NEET cut-off 2022.

The rapid urbanization and excessive use of chemicals in daily life have motivated the people of India to move towards a more natural way of living. This has further encouraged natural remedies and medicines to cure diseases. This is one of the reasons why more medical aspirants are choosing BAMS and BHMS courses these days.

Here’s all you need to know about BAMS and BHMS:


Find all the information regarding BAMS and BHMS courses in the table below. All the important components of the BAMS course as well as the BHMS course are given for the reference of students. The comparative description will make it easier for students to choose whether they want to pursue BAMS or BHMS.

Name of the Programme

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)


Course will be completed in 5.5 years:

  • 4.5 years for studies and exams

  • 1 year of internship

Degrees are awarded after 5.5 years:

  • 4.5 years of academic sessions

  • 1 year of internship

About the Course

BAMS is an integrated medical degree offered by Indian medical colleges. The course comprises the study of Ayurveda and its medicinal uses to cure sick people. The curriculum is designed to provide the students with a detailed knowledge of Ayurvedic therapy.

Homeopathy is the medical science that treats ailments by improving the healing power of the human beings. This course teaches individuals about the healing methodologies that aim to improve the physical, mental and environmental symptoms related to the disease.

Popular Topics

  • History of Ayurveda

  • Social and Preventive Medicines

  • Toxicology and Pharmacology

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

  • Principle of Surgery

  • Essential Principles of Homeopathy

  • Healing through Nutritional Therapies

  • Mind and Body Healing Techniques

  • Introduction to Traditional Chinese Medicine

  • Immunology and Immune System Disorders


  • Prasuti and Stri Roga

  • Padartha Vigyan

  • Sharir Kriya

  • Sharir Rachana

  • Swasth Vritta

  • Shalakya Tantra

  • Agad Tantra

  • Shallya Tantra

  • Charak Samhita

  • Kaumara Bhritya

  • Rog & Vikriti Vigyan

  • Charak Samhita

  • Rasa Shastra

  • Kayachikitsa

  • Homeopathic Pharmacy

  • Psychiatry

  • Paediatrics

  • Infertility and Sex Specialist

  • Skin Specialist

Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates can apply for this course after passing class 12 with qualifying marks set by the respective college for which they are applying.

  • Candidates must have studied Biology, Chemistry and Physics in class 12.

  • Also, it is necessary to qualify the respective entrance exam in order to secure the seat in BAMS programme.

  • It is essential to score at least 50% marks in class 12 exams with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in order to be eligible for BHMS programmes.

  • Candidates must be at least 17 years of age to apply for this programme.

  • Quaifying NEET is mandatory to pursue this course.

Entrance Exam




Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 25 lakh (varies from college to college)

Rs. 2 Lakh to Rs. 7 Lakh (depending on the college)

Career Scope

Ayurveda is a highly respectable form of medical science not only in India but also in other countries. There are various career paths that you can choose. Despite the common belief that Ayurveda is not in demand, there are many in India who seek the Ayurvedic treatments for different ailments.

Homeopathic, being one of the rare types of medicines that have no side effects, is quite popular amongst Indians. It is the third most popular type of medicine used by the Indian population. Job opportunities are also available in this field, however, private clinics perform best and doctors earn quite well.

Popular Job Profiles


After completion of the course, you can expect to earn Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 50,000 per month at the beginning of your career. After post-graduation and practising Ayurvedic medicine, you can expect much better salaries.

You can expect a package of Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 60,000 per month after completing the BHMS course. Post-graduation and experience can improve the job scope as well as salary packages.


Check the complete list of BAMS colleges in India here

Check the complete list of BHMS colleges in India here

BAMS vs BHMS - Admission process

There are certain core requirements students need to fulfill in order to pursue courses in Ayurvedic and Homeopathic education. For the most part, the BAMS vs BHMS eligibility criteria are similar.  

Candidates who are planning to pursue Ayurvedic or Homeopathic programs in India are required to qualify for 12th standard in a science stream i.e Physics, Chemistry, and Biology with at least 50% aggregate marks for candidates under the general category and a minimum of 40% for those under reserved category.A national-level eligibility test i.e NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is a common test for authorizing admission to over 50,000 AYUSH medical seats and many other medical institutes in India. All admissions to any AYUSH undergraduate course can only be done on the basis of the candidate’s performance in the NEET exam.

BAMS vs BHMS: Difference in Admission Process

The single distinction in the admission process of BAMS and BHMS is the counseling rounds. The counseling for BAMS and BHMS are very different. Candidates are required to register separately for these courses within the given date. Admission to these programs in the AYUSH institutes across the country, according to the merit list, and counseling process.

BAMS vs BHMS - Syllabus

Take a look at the syllabus of both courses to get an idea of what curriculum is covered in BAMS and BHMS. 
Given below is a tabular representation of the duration-wise proportions of BAMS syllabus. 


Syllabus of BAMS

1.5 years

Ayurvedic as Modern Anatomy & Physiology, Ayurvedic Classical Texts, Sanskrit Language

1.5 years

Ayurvedic Classical Texts, Social and Preventive Medicine, Ayurvedic Toxicology, and Pharmaceutics including herbal and herbal-mineral medicines as well as essential modern pharmacology, and clinical methods.

1.5 years

Ayurvedic as well as modern aspects of - general medicine, and obstetrics, general surgery, pediatrics, ENT, ophthalmology, Panchakarma (Bio-cleansing procedure), Ayurvedic Classical Texts.

1 year

1-year internship in the clinical departments

BHMS Syllabus

Given below is a tabular representation of the duration-wise proportions of BHMS syllabus. 

Year of BHMS

Syllabus of BHMS

1st Year

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology and Biochemistry

  • Homoeopathic pharmacy

  • Organon of Medicine

  • Homoeopathic Materia Medica

2nd Year

  • Organon of Medicine with Homoeopathic Philosophy

  • Homoeopathic Materia Medica - II

  • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

  • Pathology

  • Gynecology and Obstetrics

  • Surgery

3rd Year

  • Organon of Medicine with Homoeopathic Philosophy

  • Homoeopathic Materia Medica - III

  • Surgery

  • Community Medicine

  • Repertory

  • Practice of Medicine

4th Year

  • Organon of Medicine with Homoeopathic Philosophy

  • Homoeopathic Materia Medica - IV

  • Community Medicine

  • Medicine Practice

  • Repertory

BAMS vs BHMS - Career Scope

NEET Applicants can go through the following career opportunities after pursuing the BAMS or BHMS course.

Careers after BAMS

In today’s era, where the use of allopathic therapy gives numerous health issues and has various limitations as well, Ayurveda having zero side effects on the patients has risen as the best alternative. Hence, the career scope after BAMS is increasing at a higher speed. Looking at the career growth of BAMS, it is among the best-preferred medical courses in India. Applicants can look for the following jobs after completing their BAMS-

  • Ayurvedic specialists
  • Ayurvedic therapist

  • Clinical Trial Coordinator

  • Ayurvedic Pharmacists

  • Lecturer

Careers after BHMS

As one of the oldest and most economical ways of medical treatment, Homeopathy has also emerged as the best alternative of conventional allopathic treatment. There is various research going on related to homoeopathic practice advancement across the globe which also leads to better career opportunities. The efficiency of homoeopathic medicine is proven over the years and years. Some of the career aspects are mentioned below for BHMS graduates -

  • Homoeopathic pharmacists

  • Doctor

  • Homoeopathic specialist

  • Public health specialist

  • Lecturer

Both the courses offer good scope for graduation and candidates can find jobs in both urban as well as rural areas. Practising Ayurveda and Homeopathy are some of the best career options after these courses as a lot of people demand natural forms of medicines.

BAMS vs BHMS - Top 10 institutes

The table given below provides candidates with a side-by-side list of top 10 colleges for BAMS and BHMS

Sl no.

Top 10 BAMS Colleges

Top 10 BHMS Colleges


Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University


Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University, Gurgaon

National Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata


Patanjali Ayurved College, Haridwar

Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik


Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi

Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar


Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune

Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Kozhikode


Dr. DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai

Vinayaka Mission’s Research Foundation, Salem


KG Mittal Ayurvedic College, Mumbai

Nehru Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, New Delhi


Sumatibhai Shah Ayurved Mahavidyalaya Malwadi, Pune

Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur


Ashtang Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune

Homoeopathy University, Jaipur


Government Ayurved College and Hospital, Nagpur

Lokmanya Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune

Related Articles:

Click on the links given below to know more:

You can also pursue a master in either of the fields mentioned above and foray into the education sector. There is a requirement of lecturers and professors in medical institutes that offer BAMS and BHMS courses. For more information about medical courses, visit CollegeDekho.


How many marks are needed for BHMS in NEET?

To get admission to a  Government BHMS college, the aspirant needs 350 marks in NEET 2022. The Bachelor of Homeopathic Medical and Surgery or BHMS is one of the most preferable course for any NEET applicant.


Can I get Government job after BAMS?

BAMS graduates can look for jobs in the public sector. Government organisations such as hospitals, pharmaceutical laboratories, medical colleges, etc offer jobs to BAMS graduates. Ayurvedic doctors in this field can also look for jobs in Private hospitals or can open their own clinics after getting a Regular Medical Practitioner license.

Is Sanskrit compulsory in BAMS?

It is not mandatory to study Sanskrit as a subject in school to get admission to a BAMS course. However, BAMS does include Sanskrit as a subject to study in its syllabus. Sanskrit is a compulsory subject only in the 1st year of BAMS.


Is BAMS equal to MBBS?

Both the courses are equivalent but both medical fields have a different approaches to treating patients.  Bachelor of Surgery and Bachelor of medicine commonly MBBS is the medical undergraduate degree in India. It is the path to becoming a doctor of allopathic medicine whereas BAMS doctor treats patients with Ayurvedic medicines and therapy.


Can I become Gynecologist after BAMS?

For being a gynecologist, one has to pursue MD in gynecology after completing BAMS. That means you have to complete PG after BAMS.


Can BAMS doctors perform surgery?

In BAMS, the students learn surgery methods but they do not have a medical license to perform surgery as a regular surgeon. The only surgery-related practice a BAMS doctor can perform is only minor injuries and cuts.


Is BHMS good for the future?

BHMS is a very good option for someone who wishes to pursue a career in the medical industry. Many companies working in the manufacturing and research sector abroad are requiring homoeopathic professionals. The BHMS in this field can work in organisations that deal with homoeopathic practices.


Is BAMS equal to BHMS?

BAMS is a common abbreviation for Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery. The Duration of this course is 5 and half years, including a mandatory 1-year internship. BHMS or Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery. The Duration of this course is five and half years, including 1-year internship.


Which has more salary in BAMS and BHMS?

After Masters and practising Ayurvedic medicine for a long while, one can expect better salaries. A Homoeopathic Doctor can expect a salary of Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 60,000 per month after completing a BHMS course.


Which is better in BAMS and BHMS?

A BAMS doctor treats the patients with ayurvedic medical therapy and ayurvedic medication, whereas the BHMS doctors practice homoeopathic therapy for their patients. Both are recognised as doctors in their own medical fields.


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