UGC NET 2024 Important Topics for Paper 1 (Teaching and Research Aptitude)

Diksha Sharma

Updated On: July 02, 2024 01:58 pm IST

The UGC NET 2024 important topics for Paper 1 include Teaching Aptitude, Reasoning, and Research Aptitude, among others. The NTA conducts the exam annually in 83 subjects via CBT, determining eligibility for JRF and Assistant Professor roles.
UGC NET 2024

The UGC NET 2024 Important Topics for Paper 1 includes a variety of topics such as Teaching Aptitude, Communication, Reading Comprehension, Reasoning, and Research Aptitude. To score well in the exam, students must thoroughly cover these important areas. The NTA conducts the UGC NET exam annually in 83 subjects using a Computer-Based Test (CBT) format, assessing eligibility for the roles of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Assistant Professor. The UGC NET 2024 for June Cycle is scheduled between August 4 and September 21, 2024 instead of its former date of June 18, 2024. The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC NET) each year to evaluate candidates for Assistant Professor positions and JRF. This exam will be held twice in 2024, with sessions in June and December.

With the June cycle approaching, candidates are focusing on key topics and strategies to excel in the UGC NET 2024. This article will cover these crucial subjects, explain the UGC NET 2024 exam pattern , and provide the best preparation methods for success.

Also Check:

Most Important Topics to Score Highest Marks in UGC NET 2024 Paper I UGC NET Passing Marks 2024
UGC NET 2024 Exam Day Guidelines UGC NET Important Topics for Law

UGC NET Exam Pattern for Paper-I

All the candidates who have applied for the UGC NET exam, Paper 1 is compulsory for every applicant. The UGC NET Paper 1 has a total of 10 sections. Here are the number of questions and allocated marks for each section of UGC NET Paper 1:


Number of Questions (MCQ)


Teaching Aptitude



Research Aptitude






Reading comprehension



Logical Reasoning






Data Interpretation



People & Environment



ICT (Information & Communication Technology)



Higher Education System






Also Read: UGC NET Question Papers 2024 - Download PDFs

UGC NET 2024 Syllabus for Paper 1

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has prescribed the syllabus for the UGC NET June 2024 cycle for 83 subjects. The NTA UGC NET syllabus 2024 has been provided by the University for Paper 1 and Paper 2 (83 subjects). The UGC NET syllabus Paper 1 comprises topics from Teaching and Research Aptitude and the Paper 2 syllabus differs for all 83 subjects. The Paper-I for UGC NET 2024 will consist of the following subjects as syllabus:

  • Teaching Aptitude

  • Research Aptitude

  • Communication

  • Reading Comprehension

  • Reasoning

  • Data Interpretation

  • Logical Reasoning

  • Information & Communication Technology (ICT)

  • People & Environment

  • Higher Education System

On the other hand, Paper-II will depend on the subject chosen by the candidate.

UGC NET 2024 Important Topics for Paper 1

UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus 2024 comprises topics from General Paper on Teaching and Research Aptitude, which is common and mandatory for all candidates. Check the complete UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1 below. There are some important topics in UGC NET exam that the students must cover to score high in the exam. These important topics as per the different subjects are given in the table below.

1. Teaching Aptitude

Through the teaching aptitude, the skills and knowledge of the candidate in terms of teaching methods will be determined. This will examine the various knowledge domain of the student such as problem-solving skills, student management, teaching methods, etc. Some of the important topics for teaching aptitude are:

  • Teaching: Concept, objectives, levels of teaching (memory, understanding and reflective), characteristics and basic requirements
  • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (academic, social, emotional and cognitive), individual differences
  • Factors affecting teaching: Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution
  • Methods of teaching in higher learning institutions: Teacher-centred vs learner-centred methods; offline vs online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs, etc.).
  • Teaching support system : Traditional, modern and ICT based
  • Evaluation systems: Elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in Choice Based Credit Systems in higher education, computer-based testing, innovations in evaluation systems

2. Research Aptitude

Through the research aptitude, the candidates will be examined in the domain of research in different subjects and how to complete the research. Some of the important topics to cover for research aptitude are:

Meaning, Types and Characteristics of Research

Methods of Research

Steps for researching

Research ethics

The characteristics and format for the thesis writing

Paper, workshop, article, conference, seminar, and symposium

3. Communication

Through communication, the efficiency of the candidate will be examined in terms of exchanging ideas, conveying a message, speech, signals, behaviour and thoughts. Some of the important topics for communication are:

  • Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication
  • Effective communication: Verbal and non-verbal, inter-cultural and group communications, classroom
  • communication Barriers to effective communication
  • Mass-media and society

4. Reading Comprehension

Through reading comprehension, the efficiency of the candidate will be tested on the basis of reading efficiency and answering questions related to that. There is no specific topic to prepare for reading comprehension. The candidates can read daily newspapers, and practice reading comprehensions to score well in this section.

5. Mathematical Reasoning

This section will test the reasoning skill of the candidate in terms of mathematical computations and logics. Some of the important topics for Mathematical Reasoning are:



Letter Series

Relationship Theory


Classification Theory

6. Logical Reasoning

This section will be testing the ability of the candidate in terms of problem-solving and logical thinking. Most of the questions in this section will be related to logics interpretation and brain-teasing. Some of the important topics for Logical Reasoning are:

  • Understanding the structure of arguments: Argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, mood and figure, formal and informal fallacies, uses of language, connotations and denotations of terms, the classical square of opposition
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning
  • Analogies
  • Venn diagram : Simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments
  • Indian Logic: Means of knowledge
  • Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension) Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference)

7. Data Interpretation

This section will examine the proficiency of the candidates in terms of using the data given to solve the questions. Some of the important topics related to Data Interpretation are:

Qualitative data

Quantitative Data

Acquisition, sources and interpretation of data

Mapping and graphical representation of the data

8. Information & Communication Technology (ICT)

Through this section, the candidates will be examined on the basis of their knowledge in terms of IT and other related topics such as audiovisual systems, operating systems, middleware, storage, etc. Some of the important topics to cover for Information & Communication Technology (ICT) are:

Meaning, advantages, disadvantages, and uses of ICT

General abbreviations and terminology related to ICT

Basic IT concepts


9. People & Environment

This section will evaluate the proficiency of the candidate in terms of environment-related concepts. Some of the important topics for People & Environment are:

  • Environmental protection and development: Millennium Development Goals
  • Environment-human interaction: Environmental effects of anthropogenic activity
  • Environmental concerns: local, regional, and worldwide; noise pollution, solid, liquid, biomedical, toxic, and electronic waste; and climate change and its socioeconomic and political implications.
  • Impacts of pollutants on human health
  • Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests
  • Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance

10. Higher Education System

This section will evaluate the efficiency of the candidate in terms of the higher education system characteristics and latest process changes. Some of the important topics related to Higher Education System are:

The higher education system and research in India: Structure of Institution

Value education

Concepts, institutes and the interaction

Polity, Governance and administration

General Education

Formal & Distance education

Also Read : UGC NET 2024 Detailed Syllabus of All Subjects

UGC NET 2024 Paper-1 Preparation Tips

Candidates who aspire to be eligible for Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) and/or Assistant Professor positions at Indian institutions and colleges frequently take the NTA UGC NET exam. The need for the best UGC NET preparation for 2024 cannot be overstated given the intense rivalry among applicants to pass the exam. To pass the UGC NET 2024 exam and be qualified to work in Indian universities and colleges, applicants must put in their best effort and work hard. Below are the top UGC NET preparation tips for 2024, which applicants need to strictly adhere to in order to pass the exam. Following the tips can take out the best in the candidates and make them perform well in the UGC NET Exam:
  • Follow the syllabus of central universities to cover the maximum topics in the exam Make a timetable that ensures that the candidate can cover all the topics of the syllabus leaving time for revision and practice.
  • Practice the previous year's question papers, it will help the candidates to know the exam pattern and sections that get maximum weightage in the question paper.
  • Take the mock tests in the exam conditions to prepare for the exam day Practice for accuracy and speed. It will help the candidates with time management
  • Take frequent breaks while preparing for the UGC NET exam 2024. Relaxing the mind can take out the best in the exam.
Related Links
UGC NET June 2024 Cutoff for Hindi UGC NET June 2024 Cutoff for English
UGC NET June 2024 Cutoff for Commerce UGC NET June 2024 Cutoff for Political Science

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What is the syllabus for Paper 1 and Paper 2 of UGC NET 2023?

The syllabuses for the two exams are different. The areas of teaching and reasoning ability, research aptitude, understanding, divergent thinking, and general awareness are covered in the syllabus for paper 1 that is the same for everyone. The second paper's syllabus is depending on the candidate's subject preference. It evaluates how well-versed and knowledgeable a candidate is in the corresponding field. There are 83 subjects for which the NTA UGC NET is offered.

Do I have to attempt both papers in UGC NET Exam?

 Yes, you need to attempt both paper 1 & paper 2.

What changes have been made in UGC NET Syllabus?

There are several changes made this year, you can get an updated syllabus in this page.


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