Civil Law VS Criminal Law: Differences, Eligibility, Career Options

Diksha Nautiyal
Diksha NautiyalPublished On: September 24, 2020 | CLAT

Law aspirants often tend to get confused between pursuing Civil Law courses and Criminal Law courses. Be it the career aspect or the handling of cases, both the fields are significantly different from each other. Let's take a closer look at both here.

Career in Civil Law Vs Career in Criminal Law

A career as a Lawyer is one of the most celebrated careers in India as well as abroad. Getting into a Law school to pursue L.L.B. (Bachelor of Law), B.A. L.L.B. (Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law) or L.L.M. (Master of Law) could be a daunting experience. For this, students look for the Top Law Colleges in India such as the National Law Universities. There are indeed a lot of challenges in pursuing Law and selecting the perfect law school could take a lot of your time. After going through the entrance exams and the entire selection process, you would begin your journey in the world of law.

While shortlisting Law colleges and Law courses in India, there are many questions that can create confusion in your mind. So, it is always important to clear out your doubts on topics like Civil Law VS Criminal Law, NLU.s VS Non-NLU.s, Corporate Lawyer VS Practising Lawyer, LLB VS JD Degree, LLB VS BA.LLB Degree, JD VS LLM Degree, etc. So, dive in and clear your doubts about Civil and Criminal Law and know which one is better for you.

What is Civil Law?

The Civil Law consists of relations among members of a community, a body of rules, regulations judicial precedents and procedures to help resolve non-criminal disputes. The core functions of the Civil Law include resolving disputes and disagreements between organisations or families by offering equitable and due compensations to the party including a victim. In Criminal Law, the accused is given punishment to provide justice to the victims, whereas in Civil Law, the victims are provided compensation.

Civil Law cases include custody disputes, bankruptcy, defamation, breach of contract, property dispute, etc.

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal Law is the system of law which relates to crime. It governs crimes that include misdemeanours and felonies. The Criminal Law forbids conduct that is as harmful, threatening or endangering to the safety, moral welfare, health and property of people. Anyone who commits a felony by violating the laws is punished and/or rehabilitated as per the Criminal Law. The Criminal Law differs from the Civil Law in many ways. From punishment to the burden of proof, the trials of both the laws are conducted differently. Criminal Law cases include homicide, conspiracy, obstruction of justice, assault, possession of controlled substance, etc.

Civil Law Vs Criminal Law Courses in India

The variety of law courses found in India would give you a plethora of options to choose from. Not only are there undergraduate and postgraduate degrees but also certificate courses offered at the law schools of India.

Civil Law Courses in India

Criminal Law Courses in India

Labour Law

Criminal Litigation

Family Law

Trial Advocacy

International Law

Criminal Justice

Intellectual Property Law

Legal Studies

Eligibility Criteria for Civil Law

To pursue a career as a Civil Lawyer, you must study Civil Law and for that, you will have to meet the eligibility criteria to study Civil Law. here are the requirements that you are required to fulfil to be classified as an eligible candidate.

  • In India, there is not an option to choose a major in an undergraduate law degree. So, in order to pursue a Master of Law (LLM) degree in Civil Law, you must hold a Bachelor in Law (LLB) degree.

  • The LLB degree must have been awarded from a recognised university or institute.

  • The entrance examination and score requirements for LLM in Civil Law depends on the law school you are applying for.

  • For some law schools, an interview or group discussion could be a part of the selection process.

Also Read:Career Option With a BA LLB Degree

Eligibility Criteria for Criminal Law

Meeting eligibility criteria of a course means that you possess all the characteristics that determine your applicability to pursue that programme. Same as the Civil Law courses, you are required to meet the eligibility criteria for Criminal Law that are mentioned below.

  • You must hold either a five-year-long integrated degree the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law (B.A.L.L.B.) or a three-year-long Bachelor of Laws (L.L.B.) degree.

  • The bachelor’s degree from a recognised university is preferred.

  • Depending on the university or law school you are applying for, the minimum requirement could vary from 55 per cent to 85-87 per cent.

  • In some law schools, you might be required to have some relevant work experience to pursue L.L.M. in Criminal Law.

  • Your eligibility and aptness for the courses and field will also be assessed in an interview or group discussion round.

Admission Process for Civil and Criminal Law in India

Before you begin your quest to get into a law school to pursue L.L.M. in Civil law or L.L.M. Criminal Law, you must be well aware of the admission process. The admission process for Criminal Law or Civil Law begins with checking the eligibility criteria to final enrollment to the intended programme. During the whole process, you will have to apply for entrance exams, apply for the law school/s of your choice, go through all the steps involved in selection process including interview and group discussion round and finally, enrol yourself to the course and college of your choice.

Here are some of the major law entrance exams in India that are conducted for admission to Civil and Criminal Law courses.

Top Civil Law Colleges in India

If your thinking of studying Civil Law in India, the first thing you must have searched for is top colleges for Civil Law in India. So, we have compiled a list of best Civil Law colleges in India that you can refer to for application and admission.

National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)

Karnavati University (KU ), Gandhinagar

NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR -Hyderabad)

Shyam Institute of Engineering & Technology (SIET), Dausa

NLIU (National Law Institute University), Bhopal

Mansarovar Global University (MGU)

Sinhgad Law College, Pune

Guru Kashi University (GKU), Bathinda

Symbiosis Law School, Pune (SLS)

Government Law College, Mumbai (GLC)

CT University (CTU), Ludhiana

University College of Law, Hyderabad (Osmania University)

The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)

Parul University, Gujarat

Also Read:LSAT Abroad VS LSAT India

Top Criminal Law Colleges in India

Go through the list of top 10 Criminal Law colleges in India. You can click on the college names to get more information regarding their admission process, courses offered and more.

NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR - Hyderabad )

Jindal Global Law School

Lovely Professional University (LPU)

Adamas University, Kolkata

Tamil Nadu Dr Ambedkar Law University (TNDALU)

Vivekananda Global University (VGU), Jaipur

Symbiosis Law School, Pune (SLS)

Raffles University (RU ), Neemrana

The ICFAI University, Himachal Pradesh, Baddi

NIMS University (NIMS Jaipur), Jaipur

Alliance School of Law, Alliance University

IIMT University, Meerut

University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun

Apex University, Jaipur

Amity University, Lucknow

Guru Kashi University (GKU), Bathinda

To find the best Law college for yourself, fill our Common Application Form (CAF). Through CAF, you get the opportunity to apply to multiple colleges and you will also get counselling from our admissions experts. You can also call on the toll-free student helpline number 1800-572-9877.

All the best for your future endeavours! Stay tuned to CollegeDekho for more content in the field of Law.

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