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MBBS Vs BDS - Which is a Better Course after Class 12?

Rohan TyagiUpdated On: July 15, 2022 10:48 am IST | NEET

The medical field is one of the most popular career options for students in India after passing 12th. Find out all about MBBS Vs BDS such as the eligibility criteria, admission process, fee structure and scope. 

Comparison between MBBS and BDS

The medical field is one of the most popular career options for students in India after passing class 12th. Many students aspire to become a doctor since their childhood and for this, they choose to study subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as the main subjects after Class 10th. Among all the medical courses, the two most popular courses in India are MBBS and BDS. When it comes to choosing the course, students are mostly confused between MBBS or BDS. This is because they have limited information about the scope and importance of both the courses. Both MBBS and BDS courses have their own importance and have good career options. Although it is hard to decide whether to choose MBBS or BDS after Class 12th, students must take the decision wisely based on their area of interest and scope of study.

This article compares the two courses to give the medical aspirants a clear picture and help them make an informed decision while choosing either of the two.


The table below compares the two courses on the basis of various parameters:




Duration of Course

5.5 years (including 1-year internship)

5 years ( including 1-year internship)


Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery MBBS

Bachelor of Dental Surgery BDS

Examination to undertake




  • Must have completed Class 12th

  • Mandatory subjects in 12th are Biology, Physics, and Chemistry

  • Must have scored at least 50% in PCM

  • Age should not be less than 17 years

  • Must have completed Class 12th

  • Mandatory subjects in 12th are Biology, Physics, and Chemistry

  • Must have scored at least 50% in PCM

  • Age should not be less than 17 years

Fees Structure

Government colleges: INR 11,000 to 7.5 lakh

Private colleges: INR 20 lakh to 80 lakh

Average tuition fees: INR 50,000 to INR 12 lakh

Career Option

  • Join a government or private college

  • Can undertake MS or MD after completion of MBBS

  • Can set up one’s own clinic or hospital after some years of experience

  • Join a government or private college

  • Can undertake MDS

  • Can set up own dental clinic after certain years of experience

Bachelor of Surgery Bachelor of Medicine (MBBS)

Bachelor of Surgery Bachelor of Medicine is an undergraduate course that can be completed in 5.5 years in India. It includes 4.5 years of the academic programme and 1 year of the mandatory internship programme. In the final year of internship, students get a chance to work in hospitals or healthcare units as consultants, physicians, or medical assistants. They help in generating awareness among the people about the diseases and medicines The candidates who successfully complete MBBS become certified doctors in India. They are registered as doctors by the Medical Council of India (MCI).

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must meet the minimum eligibility criteria to apply for the MBBS programme. The eligibility criteria are as follows:

  • The student must have completed 12th from a recognised board
  • The mandatory subjects in Class 12th should be Biology, Physics, and Chemistry
  • The student must have secured at least 50% in PCM
  • The minimum age of the candidate should be 17 years

MBBS Admission Process

The admission of the candidate for MBBS programme in medical colleges is based on the marks scored in the entrance examination. The admission process for MBBS begins with the candidates appearing for the national level entrance examinations such as NEET, AIIMS or JIPMER. Once candidates clear the examination, they can attend the counselling process and get admission in one of the MBBS colleges.

MBBS Fees Structure

The MBBS fee structure varies for the government, private and deemed universities. The average fees for government colleges in India range from INR 11,000 to 7.5 Lakhs for the complete course. The fees for private colleges can range between INR 20 lakhs to INR 80 lakhs.

MBBS Course Syllabus

The MBBS course has a vast syllabus that covers every aspect of modern medical therapy. The course syllabus is divided in three major parts namely Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical phase. The Syllabus of MBBS course is mentioned below -

Pre-Clinical Phase

  • Anatomy

  • Biochemistry

  • Physiology

Para - Clinical Phase

  • Forensic Medicine and toxicology

  • Microbiology

  • Pathology

  • Pharmacology

Clinical Phase

  • Anesthesiology

  • Community Medicine

  • Dermatology and Venereology

  • Medicine

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

  • Opthalmology

  • Orthopedics

  • Pediatrics

  • Psychiatry

  • Surgery

Specializations after MBBS

After completing their MBBS, students can go for higher education in medicine as MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), or pursue a postgraduate diploma that will help them to become specialists in their fields. MD and MS degrees are usually for three years of duration , while post-graduate diploma programs take only two years.

Specializations after MBBS include

  • Anatomy

  • Dermatology & Venereology,

  • Biochemistry,

  • Internal Medicine

  • Orthopaedics

  • Paediatrics

  • Psychiatry

  • Surgery

  • Anaesthesiology

  • Pathology

  • Microbiology

  • Physiology and more.

MBBS Career Scope

There are various job opportunities for students after the completion of the MBBS course. Students can join any private or government hospitals after the completion of course. Candidate can opt for any postgraduate studies after the completion of MBBS. Postgraduate studies help the candidate to specialise in a particular field of study. Students can either go for MS or MD after MBBS. Various specialisations include Pediatrics,Psychiatry, Gynaecology, Orthopaedics, Endocrinology, Ophthalmology, Internal medicine, Plastic surgery, etc.

Top MBBS Colleges in India

Here is the list of private and government medical colleges to complete MBBS in India:

Government Medical Colleges

Private Medical Colleges

AIIMS New Delhi

Christian Medical College, Vellore

PGIMER, Chandigarh

Kasturba Medical College, Manipal

Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Pune

Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

MS Ramaiah Medical College, Banglore

Armed Forces Medical College, Pune

Amrita Institute Of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Also Read: MBBS in India Versus MBBS Abroad

Bachelor of Dental Surgery BDS

Bachelor of Dental Surgery BDS is one of the most popular medical courses in India. It is an undergraduate course which can be completed in 5 years. It includes 4 years of the academic program and 1 year of mandatory internship. The candidates who choose to pursue BDS make a career as a dentist. These professionals are responsible for taking care of the oral health of the patients. The rising awareness among people about dental health makes BDS as one of the growing career options for students in India. There are various specialisations under BDS such as oral pathology, periodontics, orthodontics, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, etc. The roles and responsibilities as per the specialisation of BDS are as follows:

  • Oral pathology is responsible to diagnose the diseases that affect the mouth.
  • Periodontics is responsible to take care of the gums and diseases related to them.
  • Orthodontics is responsible for the alignment of teeth and the jaws.
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon is responsible for the extraction of teeth, and surgery and looks after the injuries related to teeth or the gums.

BDS Eligibility Criteria

Students who want to apply for the BDS programme must meet the following eligibility criteria:

  • Must have passed a senior secondary examination from a recognised board
  • Must have Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as the mandatory subjects in Class 12th
  • Must have scored at least 50% in PCM, Class 12th
  • Minimum age of the candidate should be 17 years

BDS Admission Process

Students who want to pursue BDS must undertake a national level medical test examination. The popular entrance examination is NEET- UG. The other national level medical entrance examinations include AIIMS and JIPMER. Students must clear the entrance examination and attend the counselling process to get into one of the medical colleges.

BDS Fee Structure

The fees structure for BDS varies for government colleges, private colleges, and deemed universities. The average fees for BDS in India range from INR 50,000 to Rs. 12 lakh for the complete course.

BDS Course Syllabus

The BDS course syllabus includes all aspects of Dental sciences and surgery. BDS is a 4 year course and the dental aspirants can refer for the syllabus mentioned below -

BDS First Year Syllabus

  • Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology

  • Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics

  • Dental Anatomy Embryology and Oral Histology

  • Dental Materials

  • Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

BDS Second Year Syllabus

  • General Pathology and Microbiology

  • Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics

  • Dental Materials

  • Preclinical Conservative Dentistry

  • Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

  • Oral Pathology & Oral Microbiology

BDS Third Year Syllabus

  • General Medicine

  • General Surgery

  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

  • Conservative dentistry and Endodontics

  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Oral Medicine and Radiology

  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

  • Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry

  • Periodontology

  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

BDS Fourth Year Syllabus

  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

  • Oral Medicine & Radiology

  • Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry

  • Periodontology

  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

  • Public Health Dentistry

Specialisations after BDS 

After completing the degree, students with a BDS title can choose to go for higher education in dental science. There are many options to choose from, depending on the students' interest, expertise and career path as a dentist. A PG degree in dental science offers more scope in various fields depending on the specialization chosen. MDS or Master of Dental Science is a 3-year program that mainly focuses on advanced dental sciences and oral surgical techniques. The MDS course trains the students to become dental specialists and practitioners or consultants in their field of Dental Science. The doctors studying MDS can specialize in

  • Prosthodontics

  • Orthodontics

  • Operative Dentistry

  • Oral and Maxillofacial surgery

  • Conservative Dentistry

  • Periodontics

  • Oral Medicine and Radiology, etc.

BDS Career Scope

There are ample opportunities for students who successfully complete 5 years of BDS programme. Many of the good medical colleges offer placement opportunities for students in private and government hospitals after the completion of graduation. There are better job opportunities after completion of MDS. It is a post-graduate course which can be done after the completion of BDS. Students can opt for higher education from a good college in India or abroad. After certain years of experience and practice, the candidate can set up his own dental clinic.

Top BDS Colleges in India

Here is the list of private and government medical colleges to study BDS in India:

Government Medical Colleges

Private Medical Colleges

Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Sharda University, Greater Noida

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi

KIIT University, Bhubaneswar

King George's Medical University, Lucknow

Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College, Pune

Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi

Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai

Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore

Sathyabama University Dental College and Hospital, Chennai

Also Read: Alternative Courses in Medical Field

The comparison above highlights the differences between MBBS and BDS and provides the medical aspirants with some clarity regarding the scope and job opportunities of the two courses. Students can analyse the two courses and choose the field according to their area of interest. Students who still have a doubt can fill up the common admission form on Collegedekho and take the help of counsellors.


Is MBBS harder than BDS?

MBBS and BDS are equal in terms of the level of difficulty. MBBS is a common abbreviation for Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery. While BDS is Bachelor of Dental surgery. BDS deals with dental and oral sciences, which means a graduate will be a Dentist doctor. An MBBS is a doctor of the whole human body and its functionalities.


Is BDS a better career option for the future?

The Bachelor of Dental Surgery or BDS is one of the most promising career options in the medical field after class 12th. It is a well-designed UG program that is quite equivalent to the MBBS course in medical education.


Can I switch from BDS to MBBS?

Yes, there is a bridge course that switches BDS to MBBS, The public universities are starting with this bridge course. The universities will also be allowed to provide the choice of a Bridge Course. After completion of BDS, this bridge is expected to be of three years in duration.


Can I do both MBBS and BDS?

Yes, you can study MBBS after doing BDS. Some public universities conduct an entrance exam for a bridge course for MBBS after BDS whereas others just look into your academic qualifications.


What is the salary of a BDS in India?

A dentist’s salary with BDS ranges between INR 3.2 Lakhs to INR 4.1 Lakhs. This is an estimated number based on salaries received from employees of BDS working in government hospitals, private hospitals and running their own dental clinics.


Can Dentists use Doctor symbol?

Yes, Dentists are also doctors who are associated with the Dental Council of the respective state and the All India Council of Dentists. They hold the required degree of BDS in their dental science and are recognised as Doctors to practice dentistry.


Is MBBS enough to become a doctor?

Yes, An MBBS degree is sufficient enough for becoming a recognised doctor or open your own private clinic. The full form of MBBS is Bachelors of Medicine and Bachelors of Surgery that means the graduate knows all the concepts of surgery and medicine both. Hence, he/she is recognised as a doctor.


Can I apply for MBBS after 25?

Any medical aspirant who has passed his/her class 12th examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as mandatory subjects and has scored a minimum of 50% aggregate marks is eligible to appear in NEET 2022. There os no upper age limit for NEET 2022.


Is NEET applicable for both MBBS and BDS?

Yes. NEET 2022 is the exclusive entrance exam to offer admission to BDS and MBBS seats in all the medical colleges of India. The minimum expected NEET cut off is 50 percentile for unreserved category and 40 percentile for SC/ST/OBC category students.


Which is better in MDS and MBBS?

An MDS is a postgraduate degree in Dental surgery that provides specialisation in a particular branch of dental science. However, MBBS is a UG course in Medicine and surgery. An MBBS graduate have to pursue an MD or MS in order to pursue a masters degree equivalent to MDS.


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