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MBBS Vs BDS - Which is a Better Course after Class 12?

Rohan Tyagi
Rohan TyagiUpdated On: November 21, 2023 07:17 pm IST | NEET

The medical field is one of the most popular career options for students in India after passing 12th. Find out all about MBBS Vs BDS such as the eligibility criteria, admission process, fee structure and scope. 

Comparison between MBBS and BDS

MBBS Vs BDS: Choosing the right career path after completing Class 12 is a critical decision, particularly for those with aspirations in the medical field. Among the myriad options available, two prominent courses that often take center stage in the minds of aspiring medical professionals are MBBS and BDS i.e MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) and BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery). These programs i.e MBBS vs BDS, while sharing a common thread in the pursuit of healthcare, diverge significantly in their focus, curriculum, and career trajectories. In this article, we embark on a comprehensive exploration of MBBS and BDS, unraveling the nuances of each course to aid students in making informed decisions aligned with their unique interests, skills, and career goals. Whether one envisions themselves as a general physician, surgeon, or dentist, understanding the distinctions between MBBS vs BDS is paramount for charting a successful and fulfilling career in the medical realm.

MBBS VS BDS: Course Comparison

The table below compares the BDS vs MBBS on the basis of various parameters:




Duration of Course

5.5 years (including 1-year internship)

5 years ( including 1-year internship)


Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery MBBS

Bachelor of Dental Surgery BDS

Examination to undertake




  • Must have completed Class 12th

  • Mandatory subjects in 12th are Biology, Physics, and Chemistry

  • Must have scored at least 50% in PCM

  • Age should not be less than 17 years

  • Must have completed Class 12th

  • Mandatory subjects in 12th are Biology, Physics, and Chemistry

  • Must have scored at least 50% in PCM

  • Age should not be less than 17 years

Fees Structure

Government colleges: INR 11,000 to 7.5 lakh

Private colleges: INR 20 lakh to 80 lakh

Average tuition fees: INR 50,000 to INR 12 lakh

Career Option

  • Join a government or private college

  • Can undertake MS or MD after completion of MBBS

  • Can set up one’s own clinic or hospital after some years of experience

  • Join a government or private college

  • Can undertake MDS

  • Can set up own dental clinic after certain years of experience

Bachelor of Surgery Bachelor of Medicine (MBBS)

Bachelor of Surgery Bachelor of Medicine is an undergraduate course that can be completed in 5.5 years in India. It includes 4.5 years of the academic programme and 1 year of the mandatory internship programme. In the final year of internship, students get a chance to work in hospitals or healthcare units as consultants, physicians, or medical assistants. They help in generating awareness among the people about the diseases and medicines The candidates who successfully complete MBBS become certified doctors in India. They are registered as doctors by the Medical Council of India (MCI).

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must meet the minimum eligibility criteria to apply for the MBBS programme. The eligibility criteria are as follows:

  • The student must have completed 12th from a recognised board
  • The mandatory subjects in Class 12th should be Biology, Physics, and Chemistry
  • The student must have secured at least 50% in PCM
  • The minimum age of the candidate should be 17 years

MBBS Admission Process

The admission of the candidate for MBBS programme in medical colleges is based on the marks scored in the entrance examination. The admission process for MBBS begins with the candidates appearing for the national level entrance examinations such as NEET, AIIMS or JIPMER. Once candidates clear the examination, they can attend the counselling process and get admission in one of the MBBS colleges.

MBBS Fees Structure

The MBBS fee structure varies for the government, private and deemed universities. The average fees for government colleges in India range from INR 11,000 to 7.5 Lakhs for the complete course. The fees for private colleges can range between INR 20 lakhs to INR 80 lakhs.

MBBS Course Syllabus

The MBBS course has a vast syllabus that covers every aspect of modern medical therapy. The course syllabus is divided in three major parts namely Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical phase. The Syllabus of MBBS course is mentioned below -

Pre-Clinical Phase

  • Anatomy

  • Biochemistry

  • Physiology

Para - Clinical Phase

  • Forensic Medicine and toxicology

  • Microbiology

  • Pathology

  • Pharmacology

Clinical Phase

  • Anesthesiology

  • Community Medicine

  • Dermatology and Venereology

  • Medicine

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

  • Opthalmology

  • Orthopedics

  • Pediatrics

  • Psychiatry

  • Surgery

Specializations after MBBS

After completing their MBBS, students can go for higher education in medicine as MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), or pursue a postgraduate diploma that will help them to become specialists in their fields. MD and MS degrees are usually for three years of duration , while post-graduate diploma programs take only two years.

Specializations after MBBS include

  • Anatomy

  • Dermatology & Venereology,

  • Biochemistry,

  • Internal Medicine

  • Orthopaedics

  • Paediatrics

  • Psychiatry

  • Surgery

  • Anaesthesiology

  • Pathology

  • Microbiology

  • Physiology and more.

MBBS Career Scope

There are various job opportunities for students after the completion of the MBBS course. Students can join any private or government hospitals after the completion of course. Candidate can opt for any postgraduate studies after the completion of MBBS. Postgraduate studies help the candidate to specialise in a particular field of study. Students can either go for MS or MD after MBBS. Various specialisations include Pediatrics,Psychiatry, Gynaecology, Orthopaedics, Endocrinology, Ophthalmology, Internal medicine, Plastic surgery, etc.

Benefits of Pursuing MBBS

The MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) program in India holds a distinguished position and offers a multitude of advantages that set it apart from other academic pursuits. Below is an extensive exploration of its importance:

  1. Esteemed Reputation: The MBBS program enjoys a prestigious standing in India, commanding respect and admiration from students, parents, and the wider community.

  2. Career Advancement and Opportunities: The medical field offers a vast landscape for professional growth, offering a wide array of exciting career opportunities. Medical practitioners have the option to specialize in various areas such as surgery, pediatrics, or cardiology, ensuring continuous avenues for progression.

  3. A Noble and Gratifying Calling: The medical profession is often considered one of the noblest vocations. Physicians shoulder the profound responsibility of saving lives and actively contributing to the enhancement of the quality of life for numerous patients. The sense of fulfillment derived from aiding others is immeasurable.

  4. Financial Prosperity: In addition to the inherent nobility of the profession, the medical field also presents substantial financial prospects. Experienced and specialized medical professionals can attain lucrative salaries, reflecting their dedication and the years invested in honing their expertise.

Top MBBS Colleges in India: NIRF Ranking

Here is the list of private and government medical colleges to complete MBBS in India:

1All India Institute of Medical Sciences, DelhiDelhi91.6
2Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarh79
3Christian Medical CollegeTamil Nadu72.84
4National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, BangaloreKarnataka71.56
5Banaras Hindu UniversityUttar Pradesh68.12
6Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & ResearchPondicherry67.64
7Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesUttar Pradesh67.18
8Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamTamil Nadu66.49
9Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, ThiruvananthapuramKerala65.17
10Kasturba Medical College, ManipalKarnataka63.89
11King George`s Medical UniversityUttar Pradesh61.68
12Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital, ChennaiTamil Nadu60.71
13Institute of Liver and Biliary SciencesDelhi58.79
14St. John's Medical CollegeKarnataka58.49
15Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and ResearchTamil Nadu57.92
16All India Institute of Medical Sciences JodhpurRajasthan57.47
17Dr. D. Y. Patil VidyapeethMaharashtra57.41
18Siksha 'O' AnusandhanOdisha57.21
19Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung HospitalDelhi57.15
20S.R.M. Institute of Science and TechnologyTamil Nadu57.05
21Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & ResearchWest Bengal57.02
22Aligarh Muslim UniversityUttar Pradesh56.19
23Maulana Azad Medical CollegeDelhi55.94
24Datta Meghe Institute of Medical SciencesMaharashtra55.21
25Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical SciencesTamil Nadu54.73
26All India Institute of Medical Sciences BhubaneswarOdisha54.71
27Govt. Medical College & HospitalChandigarh54.02
28University College of Medical SciencesDelhi53.62
29Lady Hardinge Medical CollegeDelhi53.44
30Kalinga Institute of Industrial TechnologyOdisha53.05
31Kasturba Medical College, MangaloreKarnataka52.83
32Maharishi MarkandeshwarHaryana52.81
33Jamia HamdardDelhi52.51
34JSS Medical College, MysoreKarnataka52.47
35PSG Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, CoimbatoreTamil Nadu52.44
36Christian Medical College, LudhianaPunjab51.89
37Gujarat Cancer & Research InstituteGujarat50.87
38M. S. Ramaiah Medical CollegeKarnataka50.7
39Chettinad Academy of Research and EducationTamil Nadu50.35
40Dayanand Medical CollegePunjab50.32
41Sawai Man Singh Medical CollegeRajasthan49.93
42Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, KaradMaharashtra49.76
43Medical CollegeWest Bengal49.73
44SCB Medical College and HospitalOdisha49.02
45Padmashree Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, MumbaiMaharashtra48.59
46Regional Institute of Medical SciencesManipur48.21
47Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research InstitutePondicherry48.05
48All India Institute of Medical Sciences, RishikeshUttarakhand47.98
49All India Institute of Medical Sciences, RaipurChhattisgarh47.44
50B. J. Medical CollegeGujarat46.53

Also Read: MBBS in India Versus MBBS Abroad

Bachelor of Dental Surgery BDS

The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) stands out as one of the most sought-after medical courses in India, offering a comprehensive undergraduate curriculum spanning 5 years. This duration comprises 4 years of academic study and a mandatory 1-year internship. Those opting for BDS embark on a career path as dentists, entrusted with the responsibility of ensuring the oral health of their patients. The increasing awareness of dental health renders BDS a burgeoning career choice for students across India.

Within the BDS program, various specializations exist, each with distinct roles and responsibilities:

  • Oral Pathology: Specialists in oral pathology focus on diagnosing diseases that impact the oral cavity.

  • Periodontics: This specialization involves the care of gums and management of diseases associated with them.

  • Orthodontics: Professionals in orthodontics concentrate on the alignment of teeth and jaws, addressing issues related to dental positioning.

  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Practitioners in this field are responsible for tooth extractions, surgical procedures, and the management of injuries pertaining to teeth or gums.

BDS Eligibility Criteria

Aspiring students seeking admission to the BDS program must satisfy the following eligibility criteria:

  1. Successful completion of a senior secondary examination from a recognized board.

  2. Inclusion of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as mandatory subjects in the Class 12th curriculum.

  3. Attainment of a minimum score of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCM) in the Class 12th examination.

  4. The candidate should be at least 17 years old to be eligible for admission.

BDS Admission Process

Students who want to pursue BDS must undertake a national level medical test examination. The popular entrance examination is NEET- UG. The other national level medical entrance examinations include AIIMS and JIPMER. Students must clear the entrance examination and attend the counselling process to get into one of the medical colleges.

BDS Fee Structure

The fees structure for BDS varies for government colleges, private colleges, and deemed universities. The average fees for BDS in India range from INR 50,000 to Rs. 12 lakh for the complete course.

BDS Course Syllabus

The BDS course syllabus includes all aspects of Dental sciences and surgery. BDS is a 4 year course and the dental aspirants can refer for the syllabus mentioned below -

BDS First Year Syllabus

  • Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology

  • Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics

  • Dental Anatomy Embryology and Oral Histology

  • Dental Materials

  • Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

BDS Second Year Syllabus

  • General Pathology and Microbiology

  • Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics

  • Dental Materials

  • Preclinical Conservative Dentistry

  • Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

  • Oral Pathology & Oral Microbiology

BDS Third Year Syllabus

  • General Medicine

  • General Surgery

  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

  • Conservative dentistry and Endodontics

  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Oral Medicine and Radiology

  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

  • Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry

  • Periodontology

  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

BDS Fourth Year Syllabus

  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

  • Oral Medicine & Radiology

  • Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry

  • Periodontology

  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

  • Public Health Dentistry

Specialisations after BDS 

After completing the degree, students with a BDS title can choose to go for higher education in dental science. There are many options to choose from, depending on the students' interest, expertise and career path as a dentist. A PG degree in dental science offers more scope in various fields depending on the specialization chosen. MDS or Master of Dental Science is a 3-year program that mainly focuses on advanced dental sciences and oral surgical techniques. The MDS course trains the students to become dental specialists and practitioners or consultants in their field of Dental Science. The doctors studying MDS can specialize in

  • Prosthodontics

  • Orthodontics

  • Operative Dentistry

  • Oral and Maxillofacial surgery

  • Conservative Dentistry

  • Periodontics

  • Oral Medicine and Radiology, etc.

BDS Career Scope

Upon successful completion of the 5-year BDS program, students find a plethora of opportunities in various avenues. Reputed medical colleges often facilitate placement opportunities for graduates in both private and government hospitals. While job prospects are available at this stage, pursuing a Master's in Dental Surgery (MDS) unlocks even more promising career pathways.

MDS, a postgraduate course, becomes an option after obtaining a BDS degree. Students can choose to pursue higher education in esteemed institutions, either within India or abroad, thereby enhancing their expertise in specific dental specialties.

Furthermore, with accumulated experience and practice, individuals have the option to establish their own dental clinic. This entrepreneurial avenue allows practitioners to build their careers independently and contribute to oral healthcare. The diverse array of opportunities post-BDS reflects the dynamic and rewarding nature of a career in dentistry.

Benefits of Pursuing BDS

BDS course teaches students the art of dentistry. The field offers plenty of opportunities in the public as well as in the private sector. Here are some major advantages of studying BDS.

  • Dentists comprise several career options and paths post-graduation.

  • Dentists have an onus for taking care of the oral hygiene of their patients and, just like doctors, can be responsible for improving the lives of people significantly.

  • With the assistance of constant skill upgradation and staying abreast with the latest developments in the field, dentists are able to unlock a career that is intellectually stimulating.

Top BDS Colleges in India: NIRF Ranking

Here is the list of private and government medical colleges to study BDS in India:






Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences


Tamil Nadu



Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal





Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth





Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences





A.B.Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences





SRM Dental College


Tamil Nadu



Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research


Tamil Nadu



Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore





Siksha `O` Anusandhan





Jamia Millia Islamia,New Delhi

New Delhi




JSS Dental College and Hospital





Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham


Tamil Nadu



Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences





M.S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences





Govt. Dental College, Nagpur





Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research


Tamil Nadu



Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research





Banaras Hindu University


Uttar Pradesh



Nair Hospital Dental College





Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology





Government Dental College





SDM College of Dental Sciences & Hospital





M. G. R. Educational and Research Institute


Tamil Nadu



Government Dental College, Bangalore





Government Dental College





Vishnu Dental College, Bheemavaram


Andhra Pradesh



Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute


Tamil Nadu



Yenepoya Dental College





Govt. Dental College, Mumbai





Christian Dental College





Aliigarh Muslim University


Uttar Pradesh



Govt. Dental College, Indore


Madhya Pradesh



Army College of Dental Sciences





Panjab University





KLE Vishwanath Katti Institute of Dental Sciences





Bapuji Dental College & Hospital





Karnavati University





Padmashree Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Mumbai





Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Dental College and Hospital





Saraswati Dental College & Hospital


Uttar Pradesh



Also Read: Alternative Courses in Medical Field

The comparison above highlights the differences between MBBS vs BDS and provides the medical aspirants with some clarity regarding the scope and job opportunities of the two courses. Students can analyse the two courses and choose the field according to their area of interest. Students who still have a doubt about MBBS and BDS can fill up the common admission form on Collegedekho and take the help of counsellors.


Can I do both MBBS and BDS?

Yes, you can study MBBS after doing BDS. Some public universities conduct an entrance exam for a bridge course for MBBS after BDS whereas others just look into your academic qualifications.


Can I switch from BDS to MBBS?

Yes, there is a bridge course that switches BDS to MBBS, The public universities are starting with this bridge course. The universities will also be allowed to provide the choice of a Bridge Course. After completion of BDS, this bridge is expected to be of three years in duration.


Is BDS a better career option for the future?

The Bachelor of Dental Surgery or BDS is one of the most promising career options in the medical field after class 12th. It is a well-designed UG program that is quite equivalent to the MBBS course in medical education.


Is MBBS harder than BDS?

MBBS and BDS are equal in terms of the level of difficulty. MBBS is a common abbreviation for Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery. While BDS is Bachelor of Dental surgery. BDS deals with dental and oral sciences, which means a graduate will be a Dentist doctor. An MBBS is a doctor of the whole human body and its functionalities.


Who is responsible for regulating MBBS and BDS education in India?

The Medical Council of India (MCI) is the main authority that manages MBBS education. Similarly, the BDS curriculum is regulated by the Dental Council of India. One must refer to the official websites of these authorities to stay aware of any advancements in the courses.

Can a BDS student pursue MS studies after finishing the graduate degree course?

No, a BDS graduate is not allowed to pursue a master's in surgery course. If a BDS student wishes to build a career in surgery, they can opt for MDS in oral and maxillofacial surgery. This is the only way to do some programme related to MS.

What are the fees needed for an MBBS course?

The tuition and hostel fees vary based on college. Government institutes have fees on the lower side while private colleges comprise fees on the higher side. A college offering an MBBS course can charge anywhere between 50,000 to 10,00,000 as the overall fees per year.

Which is better in MDS and MBBS?

An MDS is a postgraduate degree in Dental surgery that provides specialisation in a particular branch of dental science. However, MBBS is a UG course in Medicine and surgery. An MBBS graduate have to pursue an MD or MS in order to pursue a masters degree equivalent to MDS.


Is NEET applicable for both MBBS and BDS?

Yes. NEET 2022 is the exclusive entrance exam to offer admission to BDS and MBBS seats in all the medical colleges of India. The minimum expected NEET cut off is 50 percentile for unreserved category and 40 percentile for SC/ST/OBC category students.


Can I apply for MBBS after 25?

Any medical aspirant who has passed his/her class 12th examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as mandatory subjects and has scored a minimum of 50% aggregate marks is eligible to appear in NEET 2022. There os no upper age limit for NEET 2022.


Is MBBS enough to become a doctor?

Yes, An MBBS degree is sufficient enough for becoming a recognised doctor or open your own private clinic. The full form of MBBS is Bachelors of Medicine and Bachelors of Surgery that means the graduate knows all the concepts of surgery and medicine both. Hence, he/she is recognised as a doctor.


Can Dentists use Doctor symbol?

Yes, Dentists are also doctors who are associated with the Dental Council of the respective state and the All India Council of Dentists. They hold the required degree of BDS in their dental science and are recognised as Doctors to practice dentistry.


What is the salary of a BDS in India?

A dentist’s salary with BDS ranges between INR 3.2 Lakhs to INR 4.1 Lakhs. This is an estimated number based on salaries received from employees of BDS working in government hospitals, private hospitals and running their own dental clinics.


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