NAAC Grading System: How Does The NAAC Grading System Work?

Aarushi Jain

Updated On: May 16, 2024 06:30 pm IST

The NAAC Grading System is a tool used by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council to measure and judge the quality of colleges and universities. This system assigns grades on a scale of seven points, from A++ (the top grade) to D (the lowest grade).
NAAC Grading System

NAAC Grading System: The NAAC Grading System is like a report card by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) for colleges and universities in India. It helps judge and understand the quality and experience of an educational institution. These institutions get grades from A++ to D based on factors like infrastructure, professors-student ratio, research facilities, infrastructure, and more. This grading system is important for aspirants pursuing higher education as it helps them choose where to study. Colleges with better grades usually have better resources, teachers, and learning environments. This can make a big difference in the quality of education students get and how well they do in their careers later on.

Colleges and universities need to be accredited by a respected organisation like NAAC. In short, it makes sure that the degrees students get are worth something and that the schools are up to scratch in terms of quality. Discover all the essentials about the NAAC Grading System right here.

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NAAC Grading Process

Universities accredited by NAAC are recognized for their quality education. State universities benefit from NAAC accreditation when seeking UGC grants and financial assistance. NAAC employs a thorough assessment process, including a grading system, to evaluate and accredit higher education institutions. Here’s the NAAC Grading System and its calculation:

  • Peer Team Report: A qualitative assessment is generated during the peer team visit. This report, typically 300-500 words, provides insights into various aspects. Additionally, the team assigns a score on Qualitative Metrics (Q1M) ranging from 0 to 4.
  • Institutional Grading: This quantitative report focuses on seven key criteria:
    • Curricular Aspects: Evaluation of the institution's curriculum and syllabus.
    • Teaching & Learning Evaluation: Assessing teachers' involvement in enhancing student progress.
    • Research, Consultancy, and Extensions: Encouraging students towards research and innovation.
    • Infrastructure and Learning Resources: Evaluation of facilities such as labs, libraries, and EdTech tools.
    • Student Support and Progression: Monitoring student progress and addressing their needs.
    • Governance, Leadership, and Management: Initiatives to empower academic faculty and strategies for growth.
    • Institutional Values and Best Practices: Adherence to institutional values and implementation of best practices.

Calculation of the Institutional CGPA

Apart from the above-mentioned methods, the NAAC Grading System also considers the institutional CGPA and letter grade. The CGPA reflects the institution's overall performance in the assessment, while the letter grade consolidates quality levels, performance descriptors, and accreditation status. The overall grade point average of the institution is determined by considering three main factors:

  • System-Generated Scores (SGS): These are scores generated by the system based on quantitative metrics. SGS accounts for 70% of the total weightage in the calculation process.
  • Qualitative Assessment Scores: These scores are obtained from qualitative assessments of the institution.
  • Peer Team Evaluation: During an onsite visit, a peer team critically evaluates the institution, which contributes to the overall score.
  • Additionally, scores from student satisfaction surveys are also taken into account.

NAAC Grades and Accreditation Status

The final grade given to an institution under the NAAC Grading System is rated on a scale from 1 to 7. This rating considers the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) along with other important aspects mentioned earlier. The scale of seven points corresponds to seven letter grades that reflect the standing of the college or university.

Final CGPA Range

Letter Grade























≤ 1.50


Not Accredited

Institutions receive different grades from NAAC based on their CGPA score. The highest grade, A++, is given to institutions with a CGPA between 3.76 and 4.00. Those with a CGPA of 2.76 to 3 receive a grade of B++, and so forth. However, institutions with a CGPA below 1.50 do not receive any accreditation.

In general, the assessment and accreditation process of NAAC is exhaustive and carefully done via the NAAC Grading System.

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What is the cost of getting NAAC Accreditation?

The cost of obtaining NAAC Accreditation can differ based on the institution's type. The fees are determined by NAAC and may change from time to time and cover:
- Initial Quality Enquiry (IIQA) Fee
- Assessment and Accreditation Fees
- Logistics Fee
- Fees for Appeals (if necessary)

There could be extra expenses linked with the accreditation procedure, like:
- Preparing the self-study report
- Hosting the NAAC Peer Team visit

For how many years the NAAC grades are valid?

- Regular Validity: In general, NAAC grades stay valid for five years once they are given to institutions.
- Extended Validity: If an institution consistently earns the top grade (A++) for three cycles in a row, it might qualify for extended validity lasting seven years.

How to apply for NAAC Accreditation or NAAC Grading System?

- Step 1: Before diving into the NAAC Assessment and Accreditation process, educational institutions must learn its criteria.
- Step 2: Head over to the official NAAC website.
- Step 3: Take your time to explore the different manuals and information available.
- Step 4: Ensure to review eligibility criteria set by the NAAC committee.
- Step 5: Pay close attention to the Institutional Information for Quality Assessment (IIQA) aspects.
- Step 6: Register online to begin the accreditation journey!

What is NAAC grievance redressal?

While NAAC is known for its transparent work processes, institutions may still have grievances. To address this, NAAC, a trusted accreditation body, offers a solution. If an institution isn't content with the accreditation process, it can ask for a Letter of Intent (LOI). 

What Is NAAC Accreditation?

NAAC Accreditation is a way to assess and ensure a certain level of education offered in colleges and universities throughout the country. According to a directive from the UGC, all universities and colleges are required to obtain certification from the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC).

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