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The Ministry of Human Resource Development (Ministry of Education) has formulated the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which is set to bring drastic changes in the education system of the country. The education system in India is going to be revamped after 34 years. Flexible degree options, subject combination, unique exit options for various courses etc are the new changes that are going to be implemented in higher education. While the NEP 2020 did not make four-year degree courses mandatory, these courses will be preferable options for students who wish to gain a degree with ‘Research’. In this article, we have explained everything with regard to 4-year degree programmes, flexible exit options, and multidisciplinary education.
Table of Contents
|Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education||3 Year-vs 4-Year Bachelor’s Degree|
|Revised Structure for Master’s Course||Revised Eligibility Criteria for Ph.D|
|Establishment of MERUs||-|
According to NEP 2020, certain aspects of traditional education must be brought back because of their relevancy in 21st-century education. Long ago, universities such as Takshashila and Nalanda played a vital role in promoting holistic and multidisciplinary education. The education is a combination of knowledge of 64 arts.
According to NEP 2020, the 64 arts not only include subjects such as singing and painting but –
Scientific Fields such as Mathematics and Chemistry
Vocational Fields such as Carpentry and Clothes-Making
Professional Fields such as Engineering and Medicine
Soft Skills such as Communication, Discussion and Debate
All the above subjects have an Indian origin and the same shall be considered as ‘Arts’. In today's time, the combination of these Arts is termed as Liberal Arts, which means a liberal notion of arts.
Integrating Arts with STEM
NEP 2020 aims for the assessments of educational approaches in the UG education where the Arts stream shall be integrated with STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). Such practice has always been successful, and increases creativity and innovation, problem-solving abilities, higher-order thinking skills, communication skills, teamwork, social and moral awareness, in-depth learning.
Imaginative and Flexible Curricular Structure
NEP aims to promote an imaginative and flexible curricular structure that will enable creative combinations of disciplines of study. Through this method, students will have no restrictions on entry and exit options. The universities and colleges will introduce interesting course options to students apart from mandatory specialization in a subject. Through this method, the institutes will have autonomy in framing curricula.
The flexible and innovative curricula of Higher Education Institutes include –
Projects in the Areas of Community Engagement & Service
New Departments to be Established in HEIs:
The Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) will be given the flexibility to set up separate departments in –
Pure & Applied Sciences
The institutes can award credits to these subjects in the Bachelor’s degree programmes. The institutes can also offer courses under these departments in ODL (Open & Distance Learning) mode.
Internships & Research Internships
As a part of holistic education, students pursuing various courses at HEIs will be provided internship opportunities in local business/ industry, artists, craft persons etc. Students will also have an option to take up research internships with faculty and researchers of the respective HEI. This activity will not only improve students’ practical side of learning but also improve their employability.
According to NEP 2020, the structure and length of degree programmes shall be adjusted to promote holistic and multidisciplinary education. The detailed comparison of three-year vs four-year Bachelor’s degree can be checked below.
Before NEP 2020 (3-Year Degree)
3-Year Degree (After NEP 2020)
4-Year Degree (After NEP 2020)
Not Available (Available only for five-year Integrated Courses)
Available after 1st year, Second-Year
Available after 1st, 2nd and 3rd year
Award of Degree
Mandatory to complete the full duration of the programme
Scope of Research
Candidates who do not wish to continue with 4th year will have to complete the research project in the 2nd-year of Master’s programme (applicable only for those students who opt for Master’s).
Candidates who complete 4-year degree courses will also get ‘Degree with Research’ if he/ she completes rigorous research specified by the Higher Education institute.
The NEP 2020 will also revise the structure for the Master’s course. The details with regard to the same can be checked below –
Type of Course
Type 1 – 2-Year Master’s Course
Candidates who have completed a three-year Bachelor’s degree are eligible
The second year of the course will be devoted to the research project and it is mandatory to complete the same.
Type 2 – 1-Year Master’s Degree Course
Candidates who have completed 4-year Bachelor’s degree programme with Research
Research is not mandatory for a 1-year course, as students already complete their research project in a four-year Bachelor’s degree.
Type 3 – 5-Year Integrated Bachelor’s/Master’s Programme
To be Updated.
To be Updated
NEP 2020 will also revise the eligibility criteria for Ph.D. programmes. Candidates who have completed 4-years Bachelor’s degree with Research are eligible to take up Ph.D. Candidates who have completed 2-year Master’s course can also take up Ph.D. M.Phil course has been discontinued.
NEP 2020 will give scope for the establishment of MERUs (Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities). These universities will offer holistic and multidisciplinary education at par with IITs and IIMs. These institutes will maintain the highest global standards.
These are some of the major changes that will be implemented in the higher education system of the country as per the National Education Policy 2020. The above explanation has been made after making a detailed analysis of NEP 2020.
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