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Professional or vocational courses are the courses that focus majorly on preparing a student for a job in a particular type of industry. These courses take a sharp turn from the academic-oriented approach of conventional courses and often focus on the more practical aspects such as skill-development, gaining hands-on experience, learning the latest methods and trends of the industry etc.
Because the average class 10th or class 12th student was often encouraged by their parents, teachers and peers to get admission into a 'reputed' course or college, even the most popular professional courses once did not see a large number of aspirants. But nowadays, with a shift in the approach towards career-building, more resources for research and exploration are being made available to the students. As a result of which, there is focus on building a skilled workforce for the growing industrial sector in India and these courses have started seeing an increase in demand and the number of vocational colleges in India has also grown. However, students still face a very important question which we have discussed below.
How to Choose the Best Professional Course?
Not every student can feel equally comfortable pursuing the same trade. A top-tier student in a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) programme may suffer if he/she has to sit through a Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.) programme. The following steps can help you simplify things if you are confused about which course should you go for after school.
- List the areas of interest that you would like to study and your priorities. Your interests may be shaped by factors such as your surroundings, family businesses/trades, city/place of growth etc. and your priorities may include pursuing higher education, research, getting a job as early as possible, building a career in a particular organisation such as Banks, Civil Services etc.
- Research: The internet can be your best friend here. Use it to find courses related to your interests and note down attributes such as:
- Type (Degree/Diploma/Certificate or Full-Time/Part-Time/Distance Learning etc.)
- Broad Curriculum
- Average Fees
- Career Prospects
- Match the courses that you find with your interests and priorities and shortlist the best courses for you.
- Once you have shortlisted the courses, talk to a career counsellor and professionals in the field. These are experienced people who can help you find your way to your goal but for that, you will have to realise what your goals are.
- Include other factors. Entry requirements, availability of seats, cost of education (and return on investment) are all valid concerns that may also shape your choice but these should not be the defining factors in your decision.
Professional Courses Admissions
Usually, colleges accept vocational course admissions on the basis of merit calculated on the qualifying examination marks. Some colleges may also set minimum percentage criteria (usually between 40% and 50% aggregate marks) for admissions. The admission brochure of the course/college you are seeking admission to must be consulted for the complete admission process and eligibility criteria for the professional course.
List of Professional Courses in India
While programmes in the field of Engineering, Medicine, Law etc. are good professional course with an already established reputation for great career prospects and growth, here are some of the unconventional professional courses in India.
List of Professional Diploma/Certificate Courses in India
For the student who wishes to start early, there are a lot of options of diploma and certificate courses at class 10 or class 12 level. These courses offer excellent prospects of professional growth and can form a solid base before one pursues a degree.
|Certificate in Digital Marketing||3 - 6 months||10th||Certificate in Digital Marketing Colleges in India|
|ITI Courses||1 - 3 years||10th||--|
|Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant (DNCA)||1 - 2 years||10th||Diploma in Nursing Assistant Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Rural Healthcare||1 year||10th||--|
|Certificate in General Duty Assistant||2 - 6 months||10th||--|
|Certificate in Home Health Aide||2 - 6 months||10th||--|
|Diploma in Construction Management||1 year||10th||Diploma in Construction Management Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Hotel Management (DHM)||3 years||12th||Diploma in Hotel Management Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT)||2 years||10th, 12th||DMLT Colleges in India|
|Diploma in X-Ray Technician||2 years||12th||Diploma in X-Ray Technician Colleges in India|
|Certificate in X-Ray Technician||1 year||10th||Certificate in X-Ray Technician Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Gemology||2 months - 1 year||12th||Diploma in Gemology Colleges in India|
|Certificate in Gemology||2 - 6 months||10th||Certificate in Gemology Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Photography||1 year||12th||Diploma in Photography Colleges in India|
|Certificate in Photography||3 months - 1 year||10th, 12th||Certificate in Photography Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics||1 year||12th||Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Airline, Travel and Tourism Management||1 year||12th||--|
|Diploma in Food and Beverage Services||6 months - 1 year||12th||Diploma in Food and Beverage Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Bakery and Confectionery||1 - 1.5 year||12th||Diploma in Bakery and Confectionery Colleges in India|
|Advanced Diploma in Cosmetology||8 months||10th||--|
|Certificate in 2D/3D Animation||3 months - 1 year||10th, 12th||Certificate in 2D/3D Animation Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Animation and Multimedia||1 year||12th||--|
|Diploma in Visual Merchandising||3 months - 1 year||12th||Diploma in Visual Merchandising Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication (DJMC)||1 year||12th||DJMC Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Office Management||1 year||12th||Diploma in Office Management Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Communicative English||1 year||12th||Diploma in Communicative English Colleges in India|
|Diploma in Scriptwriting/Creative Writing||1 year||12th||Diploma in Creative Writing Colleges in India|
List of Professional Degree Courses in India
If you have the time and resources to pursue a professional degree course, it is highly recommended that you take admission into one of the colleges offering vocational degrees in India. A professional degree course will not only open more pathways for you to find a job but it will also keep the door open for you to pursue a master's degree. Plus, a degree course covers multiple subjects and widens the scope for the future.
|Bachelor of Optometry||4 years||12th PCB||Bachelor of Optometry Colleges in India|
|B.A. in Fashion and Textile Design||4 years||12th||BA Fashion and Textile Design Colleges in India|
|Bachelor of Visual Communication (BVC)||3 years||12th||BVC Colleges in India|
|B.Sc in Physiology||3 years||12th||BSc Physiology Colleges in India|
|B.A. in Visual Communication||3 years||12th||BA Visual Communication Colleges in India|
|B.Sc in Animation||3 years||12th||BSc Animation Colleges in India|
|Bachelor of Tourism and Travel Management (BTTM)||3 years||12th||BTTM Colleges in India|
|Bachelor of Vocation (B.Voc) in Software Development||3 years||12th||BVoc Software Development Colleges in India|
|Bachelor of Fine Arts||3 years||12th||BFA Colleges in India|
|B.A. in Jewellery and Accessory Design||3 years||12th||BA Jewellery and Accessory Design Colleges in India|
|Post Graduate Diploma in Technical Writing||1 year||Bachelor's Degree||--|
Professional courses are the gateway to some of the most lucrative careers in India. Many industries stay on the lookout for skilled candidates that have knowledge of the course and although the salary after a vocational course might seem low to many, the low course fee of these courses and good chances of growth in the future help overlook these shortcomings. However, care must be taken while choosing which professional course to take admission into as it might limit your options for choosing a higher education course.