List of Professional Courses in India after 12th and Graduation

Published: | September 18, 2019
Professional Courses

Many students are unaware of the advantages of professional courses offer over academic courses. However, as the academic courses reach their saturation points, the need for alternatives is making professional courses catch the eye of higher education aspirants.

Professional or vocational courses are the courses that focus majorly on preparing a student for a job in a particular type of industry. These courses take a sharp turn from the academic-oriented approach of conventional courses and often focus on the more practical aspects such as skill-development, gaining hands-on experience, learning the latest methods and trends of the industry etc.

Because the average class 10th or class 12th student was often encouraged by their parents, teachers and peers to get admission into a 'reputed' course or college, even the most popular professional courses once did not see a large number of aspirants. But nowadays, with a shift in the approach towards career-building, more resources for research and exploration are being made available to the students. As a result of which, there is focus on building a skilled workforce for the growing industrial sector in India and these courses have started seeing an increase in demand and the number of vocational colleges in India has also grown. However, students still face a very important question which we have discussed below.

How to Choose the Best Professional Course?

Not every student can feel equally comfortable pursuing the same trade. A top-tier student in a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) programme may suffer if he/she has to sit through a Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.) programme. The following steps can help you simplify things if you are confused about which course should you go for after school.

  1. List the areas of interest that you would like to study and your priorities. Your interests may be shaped by factors such as your surroundings, family businesses/trades, city/place of growth etc. and your priorities may include pursuing higher education, research, getting a job as early as possible, building a career in a particular organisation such as Banks, Civil Services etc.
  2. Research: The internet can be your best friend here. Use it to find courses related to your interests and note down attributes such as:
    • Type (Degree/Diploma/Certificate or Full-Time/Part-Time/Distance Learning etc.)
    • Duration
    • Broad Curriculum
    • Average Fees
    • Career Prospects
  3. Match the courses that you find with your interests and priorities and shortlist the best courses for you.
  4. Once you have shortlisted the courses, talk to a career counsellor and professionals in the field. These are experienced people who can help you find your way to your goal but for that, you will have to realise what your goals are.
  5. Include other factors. Entry requirements, availability of seats, cost of education (and return on investment) are all valid concerns that may also shape your choice but these should not be the defining factors in your decision.

Also Read: Nursing Courses after 12th with Arts, Science and Commerce - Courses, Eligibility, Colleges

Professional Courses Admissions

Usually, colleges accept vocational course admissions on the basis of merit calculated on the qualifying examination marks. Some colleges may also set minimum percentage criteria (usually between 40% and 50% aggregate marks) for admissions. The admission brochure of the course/college you are seeking admission to must be consulted for the complete admission process and eligibility criteria for the professional course.

List of Professional Courses in India

While programmes in the field of Engineering, Medicine, Law etc. are good professional course with an already established reputation for great career prospects and growth, here are some of the unconventional professional courses in India.

List of Professional Diploma/Certificate Courses in India

For the student who wishes to start early, there are a lot of options of diploma and certificate courses at class 10 or class 12 level. These courses offer excellent prospects of professional growth and can form a solid base before one pursues a degree.

Course Duration Eligibility Level Colleges
Certificate in Digital Marketing 3 - 6 months 10th Certificate in Digital Marketing Colleges in India
ITI Courses 1 - 3 years 10th --
Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant (DNCA) 1 - 2 years 10th Diploma in Nursing Assistant Colleges in India
Diploma in Rural Healthcare 1 year 10th --
Certificate in General Duty Assistant 2 - 6 months 10th --
Certificate in Home Health Aide 2 - 6 months 10th --
Diploma in Construction Management 1 year 10th Diploma in Construction Management Colleges in India
Diploma in Hotel Management (DHM) 3 years 12th Diploma in Hotel Management Colleges in India
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT) 2 years 10th, 12th DMLT Colleges in India
Diploma in X-Ray Technician 2 years 12th Diploma in X-Ray Technician Colleges in India
Certificate in X-Ray Technician 1 year 10th Certificate in X-Ray Technician Colleges in India
Diploma in Gemology 2 months - 1 year 12th Diploma in Gemology Colleges in India
Certificate in Gemology 2 - 6 months 10th Certificate in Gemology Colleges in India
Diploma in Photography 1 year 12th Diploma in Photography Colleges in India
Certificate in Photography 3 months - 1 year 10th, 12th Certificate in Photography Colleges in India
Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics 1 year 12th Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics Colleges in India
Diploma in Airline, Travel and Tourism Management 1 year 12th --
Diploma in Food and Beverage Services 6 months - 1 year 12th Diploma in Food and Beverage Colleges in India
Diploma in Bakery and Confectionery 1 - 1.5 year 12th Diploma in Bakery and Confectionery Colleges in India
Advanced Diploma in Cosmetology 8 months 10th --
Certificate in 2D/3D Animation 3 months - 1 year 10th, 12th Certificate in 2D/3D Animation Colleges in India
Diploma in Animation and Multimedia 1 year 12th --
Diploma in Visual Merchandising 3 months - 1 year 12th Diploma in Visual Merchandising Colleges in India
Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication (DJMC) 1 year 12th DJMC Colleges in India
Diploma in Office Management 1 year 12th Diploma in Office Management Colleges in India
Diploma in Communicative English 1 year 12th Diploma in Communicative English Colleges in India
Diploma in Scriptwriting/Creative Writing 1 year 12th Diploma in Creative Writing Colleges in India

Also Read: Fashion Designing Courses: Duration, Fees and Colleges

List of Professional Degree Courses in India

If you have the time and resources to pursue a professional degree course, it is highly recommended that you take admission into one of the colleges offering vocational degrees in India. A professional degree course will not only open more pathways for you to find a job but it will also keep the door open for you to pursue a master's degree. Plus, a degree course covers multiple subjects and widens the scope for the future.

Courses Duration Eligibility Colleges
Bachelor of Optometry 4 years 12th PCB Bachelor of Optometry Colleges in India
B.A. in Fashion and Textile Design 4 years 12th BA Fashion and Textile Design Colleges in India
Bachelor of Visual Communication (BVC) 3 years 12th BVC Colleges in India
B.Sc in Physiology 3 years 12th BSc Physiology Colleges in India
B.A. in Visual Communication 3 years 12th BA Visual Communication Colleges in India
B.Sc in Animation 3 years 12th BSc Animation Colleges in India
Bachelor of Tourism and Travel Management (BTTM) 3 years 12th BTTM Colleges in India
Bachelor of Vocation (B.Voc) in Software Development 3 years 12th BVoc Software Development Colleges in India
Bachelor of Fine Arts 3 years 12th BFA Colleges in India
B.A. in Jewellery and Accessory Design 3 years 12th BA Jewellery and Accessory Design Colleges in India
Post Graduate Diploma in Technical Writing 1 year Bachelor's Degree --

Also Read: Mass Communication Courses, Eligibility, Fees and Salary

Professional courses are the gateway to some of the most lucrative careers in India. Many industries stay on the lookout for skilled candidates that have knowledge of the course and although the salary after a vocational course might seem low to many, the low course fee of these courses and good chances of growth in the future help overlook these shortcomings. However, care must be taken while choosing which professional course to take admission into as it might limit your options for choosing a higher education course.

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