Preparation Tips for CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning Section

Subhashri Roy
Subhashri RoyUpdated On: December 01, 2023 12:09 am IST | CLAT

Check out the preparation strategy for the CLAT Legal Reasoning section which comprises around 35-39 questions. Prepare for the important topics in the Legal Reasoning section of CLAT 2024.

How to Prepare for CLAT Legal Reasoning

The Common Law Admission Test, also known as CLAT, is one of the most popular law entrance exams in India which is conducted every year to give students admission to both undergraduate and postgraduate law programs such as BA LLBB Sc LLBB.Com LLBBBA LLB, and LLM. The CLAT 2024 exam was scheduled on December 03, 2023.

CLAT 2024 examination is conducted in pen and paper format. Around 70,000 law aspirants appear for CLAT every year to get into the top law colleges in India. CLAT is one of the most competitive law entrance exams as students who will clear CLAT with high scores can get into the top NLUs. National Law Universities are the most popular and top law institutes for candidates who want to start their legal careers. Therefore, to get a good score in CLAT 2024, students must have a wholesome preparation in the Legal Reasoning section as it is one of the scoring sections. 

How to prepare for CLAT depends upon the time left until the day of the exam. Before jumping to any other study material, candidates must always focus on being thorough with the best book(s) available.

The Legal Reasoning section of CLAT 2024 evaluates the candidate's legal acumen to the highest level. In order to not just crack CLAT 2024 but also obtain a good score, CLAT aspirants must first understand what legal reasoning is and why preparation for the same is significant. This article provides all the important information regarding the Legal Reasoning section of CLAT and how to prepare for it.

What is Legal Reasoning?

Before understanding how to score more in the Legal Reasoning section, first understand what exactly is the Legal Reasoning section all about.

The Legal Reasoning section of CLAT evaluates your legal reasoning power rather than legal knowledge. However, legal laws can also sometimes be a part of this section. The questions from the Legal Reasoning section consist of principles of law, legal points and current events. This section is a part of the CLAT exam syllabus because it judges the legal aptitude knowledge, problem-solving ability and research aptitude of the candidates. Till 2019, Legal Aptitude used to be a different section in the exam. But, from 2020 onwards, the exam does not have a separate Legal Aptitude section.

The Legal Reasoning section consists of passages that are 450 words each based on the factual scenarios. The questions from this section will have legal matters, moral-philosophical queries and public policy questions. The candidates who previously didn’t have knowledge of this section can also attempt the questions from the Legal Reasoning section. General knowledge of contemporary legal and moral matters would be sufficient to be able to answer the questions from this section.

CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning Question Pattern

The CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning questions includes a few passages, each of which would be based on:

  • Identifying and implying the principles and directions given in the passage.
  • Applying such principles and rules to different factual circumstances.
  • Understanding how changes to the principles or rules may make amends in their application to different fact situations.
  • Candidates must avoid questions that they are not familiar with to not waste much time in thinking and avoid negative marking. 

Also Read: Top 20 Law Universities in India Accepting CLAT, LSAT, SLAT Scores

Top 8 Tips to Prepare for CLAT Legal Reasoning 2024

Some of the important tips that candidates can include in their CLAT preparation strategy for the section on Legal Reasoning are provided here. These tips can prove to be quite beneficial in the overall preparation.

  • Refer to only the best books for CLAT Legal Reasoning Paper 2024 like LST's Legal Reasoning Module, and Analytical Aptitude E-book by R S Agarwal. Find more about the best books for CLAT in the CollegeDekho exam section.
  • Legal Reasoning is the most important section, marks-wise and a diverse section like this demands candidates to have a fair knowledge of the basics. Practising regularly is the key to acing this section.
  • For this section, the candidate must ensure that they first understand the question and then go about attempting it. As candidates have to attempt 150 questions in 120 minutes, they should make certain that they manage their speed and accuracy simultaneously.
  • Revise previous years' question papers or sample question papers to get an impression of the real exam environment. These sample papers will help fuel the preparation for the exam. Download CLAT sample paper.
  • Application of principle must be a factor a candidate needs to focus on before attempting the question.
  • Candidates should think logically before attempting questions from this section.
  • A maximum number of the candidates now have laptop/ desktop and internet access, so they should use the internet to search for practice papers that they can solve before appearing for CLAT 2024. 
  • Candidates should have a proper preparation plan to prepare for the Legal Reasoning section. This may vary from candidate to candidate and with the apt plan of action, you are good to go.

CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning Syllabus 

CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning section will include passages. The passages might be based on scenarios or fact situations based on public policy questions, legal matters or moral philosophical investigations. Without prior knowledge of the law, candidates can easily answer questions/passages in this section. Some of the important topics from the Legal Reasoning section are:

Legal Maxims

Legal Terms

Indian Constitution


Criminal Law


Landmark Judgements

Current Affairs Related to Law (Judgements/Bills/Acts etc.)

CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning Section Overview

Let’s take a quick look at the Legal Reasoning section of CLAT 2024.

  • Approximately 35-39 questions are asked from the Legal Reasoning section.
  • The questions will be based on legal comprehension where passages would mostly be on static or current legal issues. 
  • For every correct answer +1 will be awarded and -0.25 for every incorrect answer.
  • The questions asked in this section are quite straightforward.
  • The question paper may include hypothetical situations where students have to resolve the case by applying legal knowledge given in the question. 
  • The straightforward questions asked in the paper will judge the students based on the conclusion or supporting argument that they put forward for the legal issue. To answer such questions, students will need excellent but unbiased comprehending skills.

How to Prepare for CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning Section?

With the change in the CLAT exam pattern, the Legal Reasoning section is getting a bit longer to complete within the stipulated time. With fast reading speed, candidates can finish this section on time. Try to read as much as you can.

  • CLAT 2024 application is going on and the exam will be conducted in December 2022. Not much time is left for the CLAT exam, therefore students must dedicate at least 2-3 hours to reading newspapers, magazines, blogs, etc. Newspapers like The Hindu and Economic Times are the best to start with. 
  • Read the editorial section along with other articles in the newspaper to get enough information that will help you in your Legal Reasoning section preparation. 
  • Try reading blogs that are available on the internet to improve your reading skills. 

Important Books for CLAT 2024 Legal Reasoning Section

For CLAT 2024, the legal aptitude section is one of the most important sections. To answer questions from this section, an individual must carefully read and understand the passage. With the best books, you move one step closer to getting a good score.

Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning: For CLAT and LLB Entrance Examinations (English) by Pearson

Legal Aptitude and Legal Reasoning by A P Bhardwaj

LST’s Legal Reasoning Module

Objective Legal Aptitude by RS Aggarwal

Universal’s CLAT Guide

Bare Acts of Indian Constitution

Section-Wise CLAT 2024 Preparation Tips

Click on the below-mentioned links to check out the preparation tips for the rest of the sections of CLAT 2024:

Also Read:CLAT 2024 Important Dates​

CLAT 2024 Exam Pattern

Before going about preparing for the entrance, one must have a fair idea of the pattern of the exam. CLAT 2024 exam pattern for both UG and PG levels have been revised with a few major changes. The new exam pattern for CLAT 2024 UG and PG have been provided below:

New Exam Pattern for CLAT UG 2024

The exam pattern of CLAT was changed in November 2019. Check out the changes made in the exam pattern for CLAT UG 2020 onwards:

Earlier, the CLAT UG paper used to have a total of 200 questions. The number of questions has now been reduced to 150.

CLAT UG 2024 will have the below-mentioned sections:

  • English Language
  • Current Affairs and General Knowledge
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Techniques

New Exam Pattern for CLAT PG 2024

Let's now walk you through the new exam pattern of CLAT PG 2024:

  • CLAT PG 2024 will comprise objective and subjective questions. The section was removed in CLAT PG 2020 and CLAT PG 2021 because of the COVID outbreak but it will be reinstated in future.
  • Cut-off marks are introduced for the LL.M programme when CLAT PG also has a subjective section.
  • The candidate's subjective section in CLAT PG will be evaluated only if he/ she clears the cutoff of the objective section.
  • Sections like Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Contract, International Law, IPR, International Law and Jurisprudence have been incorporated in CLAT PG 2024.
  • The descriptive portion of the exam was cancelled for 2020 and 2021.

CLAT UG 2024 Paper Format

Check out the detailed CLAT UG 2024 paper structure and pattern below.

Maximum Marks


Duration of CLAT 2022

2 Hours

Type of Questions

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

Number of Questions

150 Questions

Marking Scheme

+1 for every correct answer

-0.25 for every incorrect answer

Also Read:Difference Between CLAT, AILET and LSAT

Subject Areas with Weightage

Estimated number of Questions

Current Affairs and General Knowledge

35-39 questions, around 25 per cent of the paper

English Language

28-32 questions, around 20 per cent of the paper

Legal Reasoning

35-39 questions, around 25 per cent of the paper

Logical Reasoning

28-32 questions, around 20 per cent of the paper

Quantitative Techniques

13-17 questions, around 10 per cent of the paper

With the correct methods and preparation techniques and lots of practice, it is quite easy to score well in the Legal Reasoning of CLAT entrance exam. Aspirants need to figure out their weaknesses and work upon them in order to be comfortable with the exam. 

Related Links

Total NLU Seats in India - CLAT 2024 Seat Matix

Colleges Accepting CLAT 2024 Score and Seat Matrix

Last Minute Preparation Tips for CLAT 2024

What to Expect From CLAT 2024

CLAT Marks Vs Rank

What is a Good Score in CLAT 2024?

Low Rank in CLAT? Check the List of Law Colleges

How to Choose the Best NLU after CLAT 2024?

CLAT 2024 Cut Off

CLAT 2024 Dos and Don'ts

CLAT is an integral exam that offers admission to NLUs as well as Non-NLUs. To explore your options and get admission to a law college, feel free to give a call on 1800-572-9877 or fill the Common Application Form. You can also write your queries in the QnA zone of CollegeDekho.

All the Best!

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Is the Legal Reasoning section of CLAT difficult?

The Legal Reasoning section of CLAT is not very difficult. If candidates prepare for the exam well and cover the syllabus, they will be able to get a good score in this section.

How many Legal Reasoning questions are asked in CLAT?

Around 35-39 questions of CLAT are based on Legal Reasoning. This comprises about 25% of the whole exam.

Is the Legal Reasoning section of CLAT timed?

No, there is no separate timer set for the Legal Reasoning section of CLAT. Candidates have to complete the entire exam in 2 hours.

Is the marking for Legal Reasoning in CLAT different from that of other sections?

No, the marking scheme of CLAT is uniform in all the sections of the exam.

Is the Legal Reasoning section of CLAT difficult?

The Legal Reasoning section of CLAT is not very difficult. If candidates prepare for the exam well and cover the syllabus, they will be able to get a good score in this section.

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