In India, students across the country aspire to join an engineering course for their graduate degree. Having a B.Tech degree in any specialisation lands the holder with a good package and sustainable career. However, some students wish to pursue a higher education programme, viz a Masters programme. There are plenty of choices when it comes to choosing a programme for Masters. There are M.Tech, M.Sc, MBA and many other degrees that are on offer at the institutes in India. Yes, it is possible for a B.Tech student to pursue programmes that are not related to an M.Tech degree. However, in this article, we shall discuss M.Tech Vs M.Sc and to evaluate which one can be a better choice after pursuing B.Tech.
Before learning which is better and why you should choose one over the other, the candidates must take into consideration their capability to pursue a particular programme and whether or not, they wish to pursue it. It should also be noted that it may not be necessary for a B.Tech student to pursue a postgraduate programme, however, pursuing one will only expand the scope of their career as well as help in attaining a higher rank in the future.
Master of Science Vs Master of Technology?
Both postgraduate programmes are conducted for a duration of two years in different specialisations. And the first difference comes in the discipline of the degrees, i.e. a Master of Science (M.Sc) degree is a degree under the discipline of Science. Meanwhile, a Master of Technology (M.Tech) degree is a degree under the discipline of Engineering. That being the biggest differentiation, the entire list of programmes and specialisations that come with the degrees change as well. Here is the list of specialisation for M.Sc and M.Tech programmes.
M.Tech and M.Sc Specialisations
When choosing the programme of your choice at the postgraduate level, for both science and technology courses, the one major thing that you will have to select will be the specialisations that you would want to pursue along with your degree. Listed below is a list of specialisations that you can opt for among the sea of options that are available in the technical colleges of India.
Check the list of M.Sc specialisations that you can opt for from a range of options that are available in the M.Sc Colleges of India.
- M.Sc Economics
- M.Sc Mathematics
- M.Sc Physics
- M.Sc Chemistry
- M.Sc Biotechnology
- M.Sc Zoology
- M.Sc Botany
- M.Sc Electronics
- M.Sc Information Technology
- M.Sc Geology
- M.Sc Meteorology
There are many more specialisations that are available at the postgraduate level under the discipline of science. Each science college in India will offer its own range of specialisations. Therefore, the interested candidates will need to check the list of M.Sc specialisations that are offered by the M.Sc colleges of India.
One thing about choosing a programme in M.Tech is that the programmes have lists of sub-specialisations which can be chosen by the aspiring candidates. Here is a list of the M.Tech specialisations under which the candidates will be able to choose sub-specialisations as well.
- Computer Science and Engineering (6 or more Possible Sub-Specialisations Available)
- Civil Engineering (8 or more Possible Sub-Specialisations Available)
- Chemical Engineering (3 or more Possible Sub-Specialisations Available)
- Mechanical Engineering (8 or more Possible Sub-Specialisations Available)
- Electronics and Communications Engineering (4 or more Possible Sub-Specialisations Available)
If you are interested in checking out any of these specialisations or want to learn more about the various specialisations that you can pursue, check out the list of top engineering colleges that offer these different programmes as well as their specialisations.
Eligibility Criteria of M.Sc and M.Tech
If you are eyeing one of the postgraduate courses in either science or engineering, you will be required to meet the eligibility criteria for M.Sc and M.Tech courses in India.
- For both Master of Science and Master of Technology courses, the eligibility criteria require the candidates to possess a graduate degree, preferably in the same field and discipline as the one they choose to pursue.
- However, in almost all the colleges that offer the programmes, the candidates need to have obtained a minimum aggregate score of 55% or above.
- Many institutes and colleges across the country take admission to the different science or engineering programmes based on the marks obtained by the candidate in some sort of an entrance test, that is conducted by the varsity themselves or at the national level.
- Candidates need to appear for Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE), which is applicable for admission to the M.Tech programmes in various educational institutes.
- However, aspiring candidates must note that every institute or college or university that offers different M. Tech programmes take admission based on the performance or the rank obtained by the student in GATE alone.
- Many universities and institutes conduct their own entrance tests, in order to take admission in those institutes. Therefore, before applying for the admission to any of the institutes, it is imperative that the candidates check out the eligibility criteria and other requirements of each institute.
If you are interested in checking the list of entrance exams that are conducted for the M.Tech as well as the M.Sc programmes that are conducted across India, then you can check out the list that has been compiled below.
List of M.Tech Entrance Exams
Here is the list of M.Tech Entrance Tests conducted in India. You can sit for these entrance tests to be eligible for admission to the different M. Tech programmes that are available in the country.
- Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE)
- Andhra Pradesh Postgraduate Engineering Common Entrance Test (AP PGECET)
- Karnataka Postgraduate Common Entrance Test (Karnataka PGCET)
- Telangana Postgraduate Engineering Common Entrance Test (TS PGECET)
- Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Engineering (JNUEE)
- VIT Masters Entrance Examination (VITMEE)
- Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET)
The list does not contain all of the entrance tests that are conducted in the different universities and institutes that offer various M.Tech programmes in India. It is advisable for all the candidates to check the admission criteria of each of the institutes or universities that they wish to pursue higher education in. It should also be noted that many of the institutes take into consideration GATE scores across the country. The state-level entrance tests will only be applicable for the institutes situated in those states alone. For instance, AP PGECET will only be applicable for engineering institutes that are located in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
List of M.Sc Entrance Tests
Those who are interested in taking admission to the different M.Sc programmes that are on offer in the M.Sc colleges of India will be asked to appear for various entrance tests that are conducted at the national, state as well as the university level. Here is the list of M.Sc entrance tests conducted in India which will make you eligible for admission to different institutes.
- Indian Institute of Technology Joint Admissions Test for M.Sc (IIT JAM)
- National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)
- Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST)
- Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET)
- Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Entrance Examination (IPU CET)
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences Exam (AIIMS PG)
The mentioned examinations are not the only entrance examinations that the student can sit for, in order to take admission to the different programmes. As mentioned above, the candidates need to go through the eligibility criteria of each of the institutes that they wish to join in order to pursue their higher education programme.
Scope of Pursuing M.Sc and M.Tech
One of the major reasons as to why the students pursue higher education after completing their undergraduate programmes is to simply increase the chances of bagging a good job at the end of the day. Therefore, pursuing either a Master of Science or a Master of Technology programme in any field will directly help the students in getting a good position and a good package along with the position.
However, there is no denying that a student with an M.Tech degree will have a better chance and better scope. The reason as to why M. Tech will be better than M.Sc after B.Tech is for the simple reason that the change in discipline from Technology to Science at the postgraduate level. The candidates must note that the requirement of the industry at the time of their completion of higher education will determine if the course or programme that they pursued will be of any good. Based on the requirements of the industry and society, the student will be offered different job opportunities.
Although, pursuing an M.Sc after completing B.Tech programme does not drop your chances and your chances of getting a good job are just as high. The discipline requires the students to have an aptitude for research and study, the importance of such a graduate in different companies will depend on the need of the industry. However, M.Sc graduates are also in high demand, as many companies need specialists who are able to determine the next set of goals and understand market behaviour etc.
Therefore, to determine whether or not pursuing an M.Sc or an M.Tech after completing your B.Tech programme depends majorly on the requirements of the industry. It should also be noted that determining which is better, varies depending on the specialisation that has been chosen by the candidate. The job opportunities that open up after completing both M.Sc and M.Tech will be completely different, as one would attract jobs that are prominently skill-specific, i.e. M.Tech and the other will attract more noticeably research-based jobs, i.e. M.Sc. Therefore, the real difference will be whether or not the interested candidate wants to build a career that is more research-oriented than skill-oriented or vice-versa.