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Para jumbles are one of the most important types of questions covered in the Verbal Ability section of the Common Admission Test (CAT). The topic is also called Sentence Rearrangement. Questions covered in this section are in the form of three-four sentences that the candidates will have to rearrange in order to form a meaningful paragraph.
Although para jumbles questions are a scoring part in CAT 2020, the sentences given in the question are not easy to decode and put together correctly. Candidates have to read all the sentences carefully in order to correctly answer tricky Para Jumbles.
This article will provide you with important tricks and tips to solve para jumble questions in CAT 2020.
What are Para Jumble Questions in CAT 2020?
As explained earlier, para jumble questions or the sentence arrangement questions will consist of 3-4 sentences that the candidates will have to arrange in the correct order. Until 2019, around 15% of the total questions asked in the CAT exam were para jumble questions but this percentage might change in the CAT 2020 due to the revised CAT 2020 exam pattern.
Candidates might see a change in the total number of questions covered in all the sections of the CAT 2020 exam. The marking scheme of this section will be the same as that of the previous years’ editions of the exam. These questions can be asked in the MCQ format or Non-MCQ format.
For Non-MCQ or TITA Questions, there will be no negative marking while for the MCQ questions, one mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer. The changed exam pattern of CAT 2020 is provided below.
Tips and Tricks to Solve Para Jumble Questions in CAT 2020
Before starting to solve para jumbles in CAT 2020, candidates are advised to read the sentences carefully. After that, they can follow the tips provided below to answer the questions correctly.
Also Read:How to Approach CAT 2020 Question Paper?
Tip #1: Identify the Purpose of the Passage
Candidates should try to find out the purpose of the passage. Different types of purposes of para jumble questions are as follows.
Solution-Oriented: These types of paragraphs will first explain the problem or issue and then move to the possible solutions
Explain: These type of paragraphs will first present a general approach to some concept and then move on to the presentation of the idea. It will then be followed by the specific aspects in the following sentences.
Surprise / Amaze: These type of paragraphs aim to create wonder or amazement among the readers.
Anxiety / Concern: The paragraphs concentrate on the problem or issue in a way that increases the reader's concern, and then describe the features of the issue that are the reasons for the concern or anxiety.
Aware: These types of paragraphs first make you aware of the facts and situations. This questions will first provide you with the background information before proceeding to the key issue and topic to be discussed.
Tip #2: Check the Indicators/ Keywords
Candidates can look for indicators and keywords to join their sentences. Some of the common indicators are listed below.
Introduction – A, Nowadays, An, Beginning.
Comparison Indicators – Likewise, Similarly.
Conclusion – Clearly, Thus, Eventually, Therefore, Finally.
Additional Information Indicators – Also, Additionally
Cause and Effect – Due to, as, since
Contrast Indicators – On the one hand, But, Yet, However, Nevertheless, Although.
Sequence Indicators – Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly, Lastly.
Tip #3: Form Mandatory Pairs
Candidates can also form mandatory pairs to arrange the sentences in the correct order. Mandatory pairs are basically a combination of two or more sentences that are obvious to come one after the other. These pairs will help you get rid of some of the options provided in the questions. Candidates can join the mandatory pairs and then apply permutations and combinations for the rest of the choices.
Tip #4: Use Time Sequencing
Some of the sentences contain keyword or indicators that provide an idea about the sequence of the event. Candidates can utilise these kinds of keywords to find out the correct sequence of the sentence. Some of the time sequencing keywords are “later, earlier and then”.
Tip #5: Identify the Opening Sentence
Candidates should focus on identifying the opening or starting sentence. An opening sentence can be an independent sentence that introduces something. An opening sentence would never start with “ but, however, nevertheless, and, so, moreover and conclusive words”
Tip #6: Take help of Pronouns, Nouns and Antecedents
Apart from the time sequencing keywords, candidates can take help of the nouns, pronouns and antecedents to rearrange the sentences. For example, a sentence containing a pronoun “he, her and his” are obvious to come after the sentence containing a noun (name).
How to Answer Para Jumble Questions in CAT 2020?
Candidates can follow the approach provided below to answer the para jumble questions in CAT 2020.
Read all the sentences and understand the meaning of the sentences
Identify the theme and topic. Some of the common themes of these kinds of questions are Politics, Literature and Education
Identify the style (manner of writing) and tone (the emotional aspect of the paragraph)
Look for the mandatory pairs, Conclusion statement, linking words and Introductory statement
Elimite the options containing mandatory pairs, time sequencing and Introductory statement
Complete the paragraph with all the permutations and combinations
Types of Para Jumble Questions in CAT 2020
Candidates are advised to solve the question paper provided here to get an idea about the types of para jumble questions. They can also download the PDF provided here.
Difficulty Level of Para Jumble Questions in CAT 2020
The difficulty level of the para jumble questions covered in the CAT exam is moderate. Candidates might face confusion between two or three choices while answering a question. They are advised to solve a maximum number of CAT 2020 mock test and previous years questions papers of CAT to practise these types of questions. They can also consult the previous years’ toppers and experts to know the tips and strategies to attempt para jumble questions in CAT 2020. Articles provided below will help the candidates to know some tips and strategies for the CAT exam.
CAT Preparation Tips from CollegeDekho
Candidates must note that, as per the updated exam pattern of CAT, they will get only 40 minutes to answer each section. They are thus advised to divide their time accordingly.
They can spend 20-25 minutes on the reading comprehension and 15-20 minutes on Non-MCQs or TITA questions. Solving the mock test papers of CAT will help the candidates to get an idea about the total time they should allocate to each type of questions.
All the candidates are advised to carry their CAT 2020 admit card along with them while going for the exam. The admit card has been released on the official website of CAT on October 28, 2020. Once the exam is over and the CAT 2020 answer key is out, you can use the CAT 2020 percentile predictor to get an idea of your score. Soon after the declaration of CAT 2020 results, you can also refer to the CAT 2020 college predictor to know which colleges you can get admission in.
We wish you all the best for CAT 2020 examination!