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All About MBBS Course 2022 Admission, Application, Duration, Fees, Syllabus, Entrance Exam

Meghamala Ghosh
Meghamala GhoshUpdated On: June 30, 2022 09:23 am IST | NEET

Wish to study MBBS in India? Read more about the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course details, such as its eligibility criteria, NEET MBBS exam, admission processes, course structure and syllabus, course fees and more. 

All About MBBS Course 2022 Admission, Application, Duration, Fees, Syllabus, Entrance Exam

MBBS, also known as Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, has been one of the prestigious medical courses across the globe for generations. It is also one of the most challenging courses to pursue after the 12th. MBBS aims to give an academic understanding of concepts such as human anatomy, chemistry, medicine, drug formulation and effect, pharmaceutical experience and method of surgery through practical and theoretical experiences. Every year lakhs of aspiring medical students compete in the entrance exams for MBBS admissions in India. However, due to the limited MBBS seats in India, students face a tough competition getting admission.

In this article, we have come up with all the details pertaining to the MBBS course, application process, admissions and fee structure, MBBS entrance exam and syllabus etc.

MBBS Course Duration and Overview

The duration of the MBBS course is 5½ years including a rotating internship of one year. The internship is mandatory, and one can complete the full course only by completing an internship. The duration of the MBBS academic course is 4½ years which comprises nine semesters. The Medical Council of India (MCI) is the only accreditation body for MBBS courses in the country. It is responsible for structuring/revamping the MBBS courses in India.

MBBS Course Highlights

Here is a look at the major highlights of an MBBS course:



Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery



Course Level


Course Type


Course Duration

4.5 years of academic training + 1 year of compulsory internship


Passed 10+2 examination with at least 50% aggregate in Science (PCB) from a recognized Board

Minimum age criteria

17 years

Number of MBBS Colleges

542 medical colleges



Total Number of Seats

91,415 (Approx.)

Mode of Admission

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)

MBBS Course Subjects

The need for doctors worldwide is increasing by leaps and bounds. With an MBBS degree, one can specialize in a particular field and serve society at large. The medical institutions aim to provide students with the best knowledge and training in the following MBBS areas of specialization:

  • Obstetrics

  • Anaesthesiology

  • General Surgery

  • General Medicine

  • Gynaecology

  • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

  • Paediatrics

  • Ear, Nose and Throat

  • Dermatology & Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Psychiatry

  • Ophthalmology

  • Radiotherapy

  • Biochemistry

  • Introduction to Humanities and Community Medicine

  • Human Physiology

  • Orthopaedics

  • General Medicine

  • Human Anatomy

Also Read: List of Medical Courses in India After 12th: Entrance Exams, Fees, Admission Process

MBBS Admission Process 

Earlier, the three major entrance exams conducted for admission to MBBS colleges in India were – NEET UG, AIIMS MBBS, and JIPMER MBBS. However, after 2019, AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) and JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research) entrance exams for MBBS admissions have been scraped off, and NEET is now the only gateway to your dream of achieving a seat in MBBS/BDS. Therefore, it is mandatory for all aspirants to clear the NEET to secure admission to the top institutes.  

NEET - MBBS Entrance Exam in India

NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is a popular national-level MBBS entrance exam conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). All the government & private medical colleges, universities and deemed universities consider NEET UG score for MBBS admissions. It is conducted on a pen and paper-based (offline exam). 

If you apply for the NEET UG entrance exam, it means that you are competing for MBBS admission in government and private medical colleges/universities/deemed universities/private universities. With a valid NEET-UG score, you can get admission to any of the above medical colleges. Through NEET-UG, you can compete for All India Quota (AIQ) or State Quota seats. Therefore, the chances of securing MBBS admission are high through NEET-UG. However, the admissions are purely based on the order of merit. One must clear the NEET UG cutoff to be eligible for the admission process.

With a valid NEET score, you can get admission to AIIMS Delhi and other prominent AIIMS institutes, as well as JIPMER Puducherry or JIPMER Karaikal campuses. While participating in NEET counselling through AIQ, it is always better to aim for AIIMS as well as top government and private medical colleges. While exercising the web options, you can choose AIIMS, JIPMER or any other government or private medical college across the country. You can get admission on the basis of your NEET AIQ rank.  

NEET MBBS Exam Pattern

To help you better understand the pattern of the NEET entrance exam for MBBS admissions, we have prepared the table below with all the necessary details related to the NEET exam pattern:


Name of Examination

National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)

Conducting Body

National Testing Agency (NTA)


Admission to medical courses all over the country, namely MBBS/BDS/BVSc and AH/AYUSH


Once a year

NEET Application Mode


NEET Exam Mode

Offline (pen and paper-based)

Duration of Exam

3 hours

Total Number of Questions

200 (180 to be answered)

Total Marks


Marking Scheme

+4 for each correct answer

-1 for each wrong answer

Subjects Included in Exam




Official Website

MBBS Course Application Process through NEET

The NTA releases NEET UG Application Form online every year on its official website. Aspirants who meet the required eligibility criteria need to access and fill out the online application form with personal and academic details, along with the necessary documents, Passport sized photograph and signature/thumb impression, and submit the same before the last date of submission. Applicants are also required to pay NEET application fee to complete the registration process.  

MBBS Eligibility Criteria for NEET

The MBBS eligibility criteria for NEET is as follows: 

  • The lower age limit for MBBS admission through NEET in India is 17 years 

  • The basic educational qualification for MBBS admission through NEET is the completion of Class 12 with a minimum aggregate of 50% (45% for candidates belonging to ST/SC/OBC categories)

  • The students must have studied Biology, Physics, and Chemistry as main subjects in Class 12

NEET MBBS Selection Process

The Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) is the authority for conducting MBBS admissions through NEET. After clearing NEET UG, MCC will conduct a centralized admission process for MBBS admissions. Students who clear the entrance exam and make it to the merit list will be eligible to take part in the counselling process. Students need to submit a separate application form for MBBS courses to individual institutes. However, it has to be kept in mind that MCC conducts the MBBS admission process through NEET for 15% AIQ (All India Quota) seats. For 85% of MBBS seats, state governments conduct the MBBS admission process. 

Next, candidates must submit their choice of MBBS colleges/institutes. MBBS admissions through NEET will be based on NEET UG merit and preferences submitted by candidates during the counselling process. There is no limit on the choices to be selected by the candidates. After selecting choices, candidates can change the order of choices, add new choices, or delete existing choices. Finally, one has to lock the choices to be eligible for seat allotment.

The seat allotment result will be declared based on NEET UG merit and choices locked by the candidates. Candidates can download the seat allotment letter through the official website. After downloading the seat allotment letter, candidates must report to the respective college with all the mandatory documents. The admission will be confirmed only after reporting and submission of mandatory documents. This includes:

  • Seat Allotment Letter

  • NEET UG Score Card

  • Class 10 & Class 12 Pass Certificate or Mark Sheet

  • NEET Admit Card

  • Identity Proof

  • Eight Passport Size Photographs

  • Caste or Category Certificate (if applicable)

  • PwD Certificate (if applicable)

State-Level MBBS Admission Process through NEET

The state-level MBBS admission process through NEET of popular states can be checked by clicking on the links below:

Sl. No.

NEET 2022 MBBS Admissions (State-wise)


AP MBBS Admission 2022


Arunachal Pradesh MBBS Admission 2022


Assam MBBS Admission 2022


Bihar MBBS Admission 2022


Chhattisgarh MBBS Admission 2022


Delhi MBBS Admissions through NEET


Goa MBBS Admission 2022


Gujarat MBBS Admissions through NEET


HP MBBS Admission 2022


Haryana MBBS Admission 2022


J & K MBBS Admission 2022


Jharkhand MBBS Admission 2022


Karnataka MBBS Admission 2022


Kerala MBBS Admission 2022


MP MBBS Admission 2022


Maharashtra NEET-Based MBBS Admissions


Manipur MBBS Admission 2022


Meghalaya MBBS Admission 2022


Odisha MBBS Admission 2022


Punjab MBBS Admission 2022


Rajasthan NEET Admission 2022


Sikkim Manipal University NEET Admission 2022


Tamil Nadu MBBS Admissions through NEET


Telangana MBBS Admission 2022


Tripura MBBS Admission 2022


Uttarakhand MBBS Admission 2022


Uttar Pradesh MBBS Admissions through NEET


West Bengal MBBS Admission 2022

Follow the cross-linked link for other states MBBS admission procedures.

MBBS Course Semester-wise Syllabus

MCI (Medical Council of India) has launched the new syllabus for the MBBS course that came into effect from the academic session 2019-20. The subjects and topics that have been specified by MCI for UG medical courses have been divided into Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical Phases. Some of the subjects that students will be asked to study throughout the entire duration of an MBBS course are depicted in the table below:



Topics Covered


1st & 2nd Semester


  • Embryology, Genetics and Neuroanatomy
  • Gross anatomy
  • Microanatomy


  • Food Assimilation and Nutrition
  • Enzymes
  • Biomolecules
  • Cancer and Cancer Makers
  • Metabolic Pathways
  • Biological Cell
  • Hormones
  • Molecular Biology


  • Environmental Physiology, Nutrition, Yoga
  • Gastrointestinal System
  • Cardiovascular System
  • Neurophysiology
  • Blood
  • General Physiology
  • Nerve-Muscle
  • Respiratory System
  • Kidney


3rd to 5th Semester

Community Medicine

  • Erythema multiforme
  • Vesiculo-bullous diseases
  • Dermatological Emergencies
  • Urticaria
  • HIV infection
  • Psoriasis
  • Infective Dermatoses
  • Drug Eruptions
  • Infestations
  • Allergic disorders
  • Ineffective Dermatoses
  • Gonococcal and Nongonococcal Infections
  • Melanin Synthesis
  • Epidermopoiesis
  • Pathogenesis


  • Cardiovascular system
  • General Pharmacology
  • Hormones
  • Autacoids
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gastrointestinal System
  • Respiratory System
  • Autonomic Nervous System
  • Peripheral Nervous System
  • Central Nervous System Chemotherapy

Clinical Postings in Wards


  • Systemic Pathology
  • General Pathology
  • Practical



Forensic Medicine

  • Toxicology


  • Bacteriology
  • Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection,
  • Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections
  • Collection of Transport of Samples
  • Common Tests for Bacterial Identification
  • Microorganisms associated with Gastrointestinal Infections
  • Gastrointestinal infections caused by Parasites
  • Bacterial and Viral Genetics
  • Virology
  • Mycology, Parasitology
  • Vaccines
  • Sterilization and Disinfection
  • Immunodiagnosis
  • Host-Parasite Relationship
  • Bacterial Staining and Cultivation


6th to 9th Semester

Clinical Postings


Paediatric Surgery and Allied Subjects such as Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics

  • Growth and Development
  • Immunization
  • Fluid-Electrolyte
  • Paediatrics Emergencies
  • Cardiovascular System
  • Central Nervous System
  • Behavioral Problems
  • Nutrition
  • Haematology
  • Gastro-Intestinal Tract
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Neonatology
  • Genetics
  • Respiratory System, Vital Statistics
  • Therapeutics
  • Genito-Urinary System
  • Paediatrics Surgical Problems

Medicine and Allied Subjects such as Psychiatry and Dermatology


Gynaecology & Obstetrics

  • Obstetrics Neonatology and Recent Advances
  • Gynaecology
  • Basic Sciences
  • Contraception

If you wish to learn more about MBBS courses and the subjects that are taught under an undergraduate medical program in India, then read on – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Course - Syllabus

MBBS Career Options

With a degree in MBBS, you can begin your career in the field of medicine and gradually go up the ladder once you gain experience. Medical Graduates can look forward to the following options after pursuing their Graduation Course: 

  • Medical Colleges

  • Nursing Homes

  • Biomedical Companies

  • Laboratories

  • Health Centres

  • Hospitals

Also Read: Pharmacy Courses - Eligibility, Admission, Fees, Career, Scope, Salary

Job Opportunities After MBBS

An MBBS degree can open up a whole world of opportunities for you. Moreover, the fact that it is one of the most lucrative and secured jobs is what makes it all the more desirable. Students are exposed to abundant scopes in both public and private sectors after pursuing their MBBS degree, and can join as any of the following job roles:

  • Orthopaedist

  • Chiropodist

  • Nutritionist

  • Medical Reviewer

  • ENT Specialist

  • Enterologist

  • Radiologist

  • Bacteriologist

  • Hospital Administrator

  • Dermatologist

  • Physician

  • Psychiatrist

  • Cardiologist

  • Neurologist

  • Pathologist

  • Medical Admitting Officer

  • Gynaecologist

  • Anaesthetist/Anaesthesiologist

  • Medical Professor or Lecturer

  • Gastroenterologist

  • Chief Medical Officer

  • Clinical Research Field

  • General Surgeon

  • Researcher

  • Scientist

  • Junior doctors

  • Obstetrician

  • Junior Surgeons

  • Medical Analyst

Top MBBS Colleges in India & Fee Structure

We have listed below some of the top MBBS colleges in India for you to pick from, along with an estimated fee structure:

Name of College/Institute

Average Annual Fee Structure

Christian Medical College (CMC) Vellore

INR 2-3Lakhs

University College of Medical Sciences – University of Delhi

INR 20,000 to INR 30,000

Kasturba Medical College – Manipal

INR 17Lakhs

Institute of Medical Sciences – Banaras Hindu University

INR 65,000 to INR 70,000

Armed Forces Medical College – Pune

INR 25,000

Lady Hardinge Medical College for Women – Delhi

INR 6,000 to INR 10,000

Madras Medical College – Chennai

INR 6Lakhs to 7Lakhs

JSS Medical College and Hospital, Mysore

INR 14Lakhs to INR 15Lakhs

We hope that the above article has clarified all your doubts pertaining to MBBS admissions in India, MBBS course, fees etc. Stay tuned to CollegeDekho for the latest updates on MBBS entrance exams and MBBS admissions. If you have any queries regarding MBBS course or MBBS admissions, post them on our QnA section


How many students sign up for the NEET exam each year?

More than 15 lakh candidates sign up for the NEET exam each year. 


What is the examination for MBBS graduates from foreign universities who want to practice in India?

MBBS graduates from foreign universities who want to practice in India need to clear the FMGE (Foreign Medical Graduates Examination). 


What is the length of the internship to complete the MBBS course?

A compulsory 12 month long rotatory internship has to be completed to end the MBBS course. 


What is the best medical college to study MBBS in India?

AIIMS Delhi is the best medical college to study MBBS in India. 


Is there any upper age limit for NEET UG?

No, there is no upper age limit for NEET UG. It has been scrapped from 2022 onwards. 


What is the lower age limit for NEET?

The lower age limit for NEET UG is 17 years. 


Which is the examination to be qualified to study MBBS?

To study MBBS, one has to qualify the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test or NEET UG. 


Name two countries outside India where MBBS can be pursued.

Two countries outside India where MBBS can be pursued include Nepal and Russia. 


What is the salary for MBBS graduates with more than 6 years of experience?

MBBS graduates with more than 6 years of experience get an average salary of 8 to 12 lakh per annum. 


Which exam do I sit for after MBBS if I want to be a specialist in Cardiology?

After MBBS, sit for the NEET SS exam to be a specialist in cardiology. 


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Related Questions

When will the admission begin at the Government Medical College (GMC), Nagpur?

-sakshi rajendra mohaneUpdated on September 28, 2022 08:44 AM
  • 6 Answers
Rahul Raj, Student / Alumni

Dear Student,

The admission has already started at Government Medical College (GMC), Nagpur. In most of the cases, the admission will be done on the basis of merit. 

If you would like to know the detailed admission process followed by the college, please fill out our Common Application Form (CAF). Our admission specialists will then contact you and provide you with all of the information you need about the admission and support you with your admission.

Keep tuned with CollegeDekho for the latest updates regarding admissions in India.

Thank you


Without NEET 2022, can I get admission in GMC Nagpur? If yes, then what will be the total fees for 3 years?

-KhushighateUpdated on September 27, 2022 08:52 AM
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Pranav Mishra, Student / Alumni

Yes, you can secure admission in GMC Nagpur without NEET 2022 score. You will need to attempt the MHT CET exam instead and score more than qualifying marks. The course fees vary from 10k per year to 70k per year depending on which course you opt for. You can check the course fees for GMC Nagpur at for reference.


Can I get admission in medical colleges of India this year if I get 200 marks in NEET 2022?

-Firdosh PathanUpdated on September 21, 2022 07:44 AM
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Nidhi Bahl, CollegeDekho Expert

Dear Student,

Going by the NEET previous years' cutoffs, you will be able to qualify NEET 2022 with 200 marks and get admission in medical colleges in India. However, you may not able to crack the top medical colleges in India. You may also read our articles on What is a Good Score/Rank for NEET UG 2022?

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