B.Arch vs B.Des: Which is Better?

Sukriti Vajpayee
Sukriti VajpayeePublished On: October 27, 2020 | UCEED

The courses of B.Arch and B.Des are quite different from each other. However, many students are confused about the difference between B.Arch and B.Des. This article provides a detailed course comparison between the two.

B.Arch vs B.Des

B.Arch or B.Des, which course is better? Students from all over the country who aspire to take admission to a design course are seldom found battling with this confusion. Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) is sometimes considered a somewhat equivalent of Bachelor of Design (B.Des) course. This confusion might arise because of Interior Designing being a common specialisation of B.Des but these two programmes are quite different from each other. This article covers the details of both of these programmes and lists the differences they have. Candidates seeking admission to any of these courses must go through this article because it will help them develop a better understanding of these two undergraduate degrees.

B.Arch vs B.Des: Quick Overview

The basic details of the courses of B.Des and B.Arch have been provided in the table below. In order to know the difference between the courses, candidates are required to understand how they both vary at every level.


Details of B.Arch

Details of B.Des

Name of the Course

Bachelor of Architecture

Bachelor of Design

Level of the Course







5 years

4 years

Eligibility Criteria

Here are the eligibility criteria of B.Arch:

  • The candidate must have completed his/ her education up to the level of class 12th.
  • Mathematics must be a compulsory subject at the 10 + 2 level.
  • The aggregate marks scored by the student in his/ her higher secondary board exams must not be less than 50 per cent.
  • Those who have completed their education in the 10 + 3 with a Diploma in any stream that is recognised by the Central or State Government can also apply. Their score must not be less than 50 per cent.
  • The candidates who, after 10 years of regular schooling, have completed their International Baccalaureate Diploma, with not less than an aggregate of 50 per cent and with Mathematics as a compulsory subject are eligible to apply as well.

Candidates can check the eligibility criteria of B.Des here:

  • It is mandatory for the aspirant to have completed his/ her higher secondary education.
  • The school from which the student completes class 12th should be recognised by any Central or State board of education.
  • The aggregate marks scored by the student in class 12th should be at least 50 per cent.
  • Students from all streams and disciplines can apply for admission to the course.

Exams Accepted

Admission Process

The admission process for B.Arch is carried out majorly in two ways:

  • Entrance Exam
  • Direct Admission

(Rounds of Interview or Tests may follow)

The B.Des admission process is completed in two methods:

  • Entrance Exam
  • Direct Admission

(Rounds of Intervire or Tests may follow)

Course Fee

2 - 4 lakhs per annum

5 - 7 lakhs per annum

Popular Specialisations


B.Arch vs B.Des: Key Differences

The key differences between both the programmes of B.Des and B.Arch have been provided in detail below. Any candidate who seeks admission to either of the courses must take a look at these and decide the perfect fit for him/ her. Despite belonging to different fields altogether, there are many other factors that differentiate B.Arch from B.Des.

  • B.Arch is more of a technical course while B.Des hails from the category of creative programmes.

  • Mathematics is a compulsory subject in B.Arch. Students have to study a major portion of the subject in their degree. Whereas in B.Des, there is no requirement for Maths as such. Hence, if a student is weak in Mathematics and does not want to pursue it in his/ her higher education, it is advisable that he/ she does not opt for B.Arch.

  • B.Des has a variety of specialisations which gives the student the freedom of choosing any as per his/ her requirement and wish. From footwear and fashion designing to animation and visual communication, the range of B.Des specialisations is vast.

  • The job roles offered to students with a degree in Bachelor of Design are usually office roles. On the other hand, those with a degree in B.Arch have to generally work at construction sites with the active involvement of engineers.

  • The study of B.Arch focuses on teaching about the construction of buildings and large structures. Whereas the study of B.Des ventures into designing of parts. This could be designing a house, a clothing line, footwear, etc.

Syllabus of B.Arch

The syllabus of B.Arch is a major factor that sets it apart from B.Des. The table given below provides the general syllabus of B.Arch that is covered in all the institutes of architecture in the country.

History of Architecture and Human Settlements

High and Late Medieval Period

Ancient Civilizations

Applied Climatology

Environmental Sciences

Fundamental Architecture Studio

Applied Mathematics

Estimation, Costing & Specifications

Architectural Design Studio: Functionally Complex

Electrical, HVAC, Fire Safety and Building Automation

Architectural Design Studio: Heritage Context

Advanced Visual Representation

Interior Architecture and Space Programming

History of Architecture and Human Settlements - Late Medieval and Early Modern Architecture

Architectural Design Studio: Residential

Architectural Design Studio: Housing

Introduction to Structures

Introduction to Landscape Design

Architectural Design Studio: Urban Context

Architectural Design Studio: Rural Context

Architectural Design Thesis

Introduction to Urban Design

Landforms Survey and Analysis

Architecture and Urbanism in Asia

Behavioural Architecture

Lighting, Ventilation and Acoustics

Professional Practice

Modern and Post-Modern Era

Building Materials and Construction

Building Economics

Steel Structures

RCC Structures

Classical and Early Medieval Period


Computer Simulation and Modelling

Structural Analysis

Structural Mechanics

Construction Project Management

Design Communication

Theory of Architecture

Visual Representation

Disaster Resilient Buildings

Water Supply and Sanitation

Project Work

Syllabus of B.Des

The syllabus of B.Des has been given in the table below. This is the general syllabus that is covered in almost all the colleges in the country.

Fundamentals of Arts and Design (2D)

Art Representation and Transformation

Image Representation and Transformation - 1

Image Representation and Transformation - 2

Design and Human evolution

Typography Fundamentals and Exploratory Printing

CAD - Photography and Videography

World of Images and Objects

2D Visual Studies 1 - Word and Image

Knowledge Organization and Communication

Communication Theories, Visual Perception and Semiotics

Applied Science for Designers

Design studio 1 - Problem Identification

Design studio 2 - Problem Analysis

3D Form studies - Aesthetics, Identity and Expressions

Design, Society, Culture and Environment

Environmental Studies - Science and Engineering

Design, Storytelling and Narratives

Design Studio 3 - Creative Explorations

Applied Ergonomics

Design Studio 4 - Prototyping

Design, Technology and Innovation

Elective: 2D Visual Studies 2 or 3D Form Studies 2

Creative Thinking Process and Methods

Electives 1 and 2: Information Graphics and Visualisation/ Mobility and Vehicle Design 3D modelling and Prototyping/ Moving Image Design / Product Design 1 Design for Interactive Media

Electives 1 and 2: Film - Video Design/ Animation Design/ Product Design 2/ Communication Design/ Interaction Design/ Product Ergonomics/ Transportation Design/ Game Design

Elective 3: Digital Media Technologies/ Materials and Processes

System Design Project

Global Design Thoughts and Discourse

Collaborative Design Project

B. Design Projects

Design Management, Planning and Professional Practice

Also Read:Skills Required for a Successful Career in Design

B.Arch vs B.Des: Career Prospects

The decision of which course to choose for oneself depends a lot on the job roles offered after the completion of that degree. Candidates can check the career prospects of both B. Arch and B.Des here and get an understanding of the job positions offered after both courses.

Career Prospects after B.Arch

After completing a degree in B.Arch, students can get recruited for some lucrative jobs at the private and public sector both. There are many career prospects after B.Arch available for candidates. Some of the most popular roles have been mentioned below.

  • Architecture Designer
  • Project Architect
  • Principal Architect
  • Assistant Professor
  • Senior Project Architect
  • Project Manager
  • Interior Architect
  • Design Manager
  • Urban Planner
  • Landscape Architect
  • Senior Principal Architect
  • Design Architect

Career Prospects after B.Des

The job roles that open for a candidate after he/ she has completed a degree in B.Des are diverse. Some common career prospects for B.Des are mentioned below.

Top Colleges for B.Arch

Pursuing a course from one of the reputed colleges gives an advantage to students. Mentioned below are some of the best B.Arch colleges in India.

Top Colleges for B.Des

A good college proves to be quite beneficial to its students in the longer run. Here are some of the top B.Des colleges in India.

Also Read:Diploma Courses in Fashion Designing: Admission Process, Fees, Eligibility

We hope this article provides clarity to all the aspirants who are seeking information about the difference between B. Arch and B.Des. Stay tuned to CollegeDekho to get more updates regarding architecture admissions in India or design admissions in India. In case the candidates have any doubts or queries, they can write to the QnA section of CollegeDekho and get them solved by our experts. Fill our Common Application Form (CAF) or call on the toll-free student helpline number 1800-572-9877 for any admission related queries.

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