Download the app to find the best colleges for you
Download now

IG Full Form

Shuchi BagchiUpdated On: July 23, 2023 05:54 pm IST

IG full form is Inspector General of Police. IG is also commonly referred to as IGP and IG Police. In the current scenario in India, IG Police is a high-ranking Indian Police Service (IPS) post directly above the post of Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG full form). In the colonial era, however, IG Police used to assume the highest IPS rank. Still today, many nations have IG Police rank as the highest post presiding and administering over their national police force. Read through this article to learn more about IG full form in the Police department and more.

What is IG Full Form?

IG Full Form is an abbreviation used particularly for the Inspector General of Police. Inspector General of Police is a rank allocated for a senior officer in the department of police. Inspector General of Police or IG or IGP are either a senior officer with a large regional area to command and administer or they might be the head of the entire country’s police as a whole depending on the Police Act. The role of an IG varies from country to country according to their own law. For example, in countries like Bangladesh, Kenya, Malawi, Uganda, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Malaysia and Ghana, an IG is the position occupied by the head of the nation’s police. While, in the present Indian scenario, an IG assumes the position as the third-highest rank holder in the hierarchy of state police.

Duties and Roles of IG Police

It is the utmost duty of the Inspector General of Police to ensure that the right steps are taken for the prevention of crime and chaos in the district, adequate arrangements are made for dealing and mitigating any unusual or unexpected outbreak of crimes.  The role of Inspector General of Police is also looking after Administration, law and order, Crime, Technical and Specialized Services in the respective department. The IG Police under the state laws is authorized to perform several key duties and functions that are mentioned below:

  • The IG Police enjoys executive powers to a great degree, and its authority within a jurisdiction is well-respected and dignified. The IG ensures and administers DIGs and SPs under a defined jurisdiction to execute their duties efficiently.
  • The IG Police is a uniform link between the Director General of Police and the district administration for facilitating zone-related matters in the district.
  • The IG Police is assigned overriding powers over the ranges of DIG and SP. If an emergency arises, they have the authority to exercise and executive absolute control.
  • IG can Initiate disciplinary enquiry over reported instances of misconduct.
  • Take over investigations over the serious and special cases.
  • IG can conduct various staff appointments, transfers, and postings.
  • The conduct of the office of IG includes reviewing allegations or reports of any wrong doings. They are also supposed to verify if some contractors or workers are involved in fraud or abuse cases.
  • They ensure that the police of the several ranges or districts under their charge work collectively as a team.
  • They have the authority to command, advise or release orders to DIGs and SP in their area so that they are aware and do not supersede one another in their assigned duties.
  • They provide special attention to the training of Armed Reserves so that the police forces can retain a high degree of efficiency and discipline. They are also in charge of maintaining the line of discipline among all ranks of officers.
  • In serious matters, they can guide and instruct their range DIGs and Superintendents of Police, as well as conduct personal investigations.

IG Eligibility Criteria




Candidates must be the citizen of India


Lower age limit- 21 years, Upper age limit- 32 years


Completed graduation from a recognized university


Physically and mentally stable

Selection Procedure of IG

The IG recruitment process in India is not a direct recruitment post. It requires the competitive examinations conducted by UPSC to be cleared. The complete details of these and other IPS examinations are mentioned below.

  • The candidates are required to appear for written tests followed bypanel interviews. The final selection is subject to merit list according to cut- off marks and physical fitness.
  • Candidates who clear UPSC CS exam get appointed as SP after the training process. The SP is promoted to the position of DIG after a minimum service tenure of fourteen years (which can be variable as per conditions). Following this, the DIG is promoted to the position of IG after a span of service tenure of at least three years.
  • Candidates who clear the SPS exam get appointed as DSP. The DSP is promoted to SP after a minimum service span of ten years (which can be variable as per conditions). Following this, the SP gets promoted to the position of DIG and then IG in the same manner as mentioned above. The promotion is done by scrutinizing the work done by the officer in years.

Basic Salary of Police Officer

The average monthly salary of a Police Officer in India is INR 34,600. The average salary of a Police Officer associated with the central government lies between the range of INR 4LPA - 6 LPA while the salary of a Police Officer under the state government ranges between INR 3LPA - 4 LPA. The highest salary of a Police Officer across various senior positions ranges in between INR 37 LPA – 41 LPA.

Who selects the candidates of Inspector General?

The Government usually appoints the Inspector General and Police Superintendents. Moreover, the officials can get fired by the government authority. The IG is powered with overall administrative management and control of the police force. In India, the Inspector General in Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) designated as BSF, CISF, CRPF, SSB, ITBP) are either Indian Police Services Officers (IPS) or the officers who are directly appointed as Assistant Commandants through UPSC examination. The rank of Inspector General of Police or the joint commissioner of police is one star more than a crossed sword and baton.

Role of IG

  • IG conducts inspections and various investigations
  • IG promotes economic growth and sufficiency
  • IG detects and prevents fraud in the specific areas
  • IG protects the people by providing security

Other Full Form of IG

The other full form of IG is Instagram. It is a social media platform which has been becoming popular for a few years. The IG app is used in sending and receiving pictures, videos, texts similar to other social media apps. As per data, instagram app is most popular among the age group of 18 to 40 years old. The IG as an abbreviation is used for Instagram. 


What is IG full form?

The full form of IG is Inspector General of Police.

Who is greater in terms of authority and power: IG or DGP?

The DGP has higher authority with larger jurisdiction over an entire state. The IG Police has authority over zone(s) divided within a state.

Whom does the IG Police in India report to?

If the state has an administrative ADGP position, the IG Police reports directly to them. In the absence of ADGP, the IG Police reports to the DGP.

Does the IG Police in India have overriding or extra powers?

Yes, the IG Police can supersede the power of DIG and SP if necessary to curb an alarming situation in the place.

What is the IG Police rank in the state police hierarchy?

The IG Police ranks third in the state police hierarchy according to the police laws of the state.