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BHMS Full Form

Sudeshna chakrabartiUpdated On: August 02, 2023 10:18 am IST

BHMS full form is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. It’s a 5.5 years undergraduate degree course that helps aspirants gather knowledge of the homeopathic system. The course comprises 4.5 years of research and a 1-year internship. If you wish to work as a homeopathic doctor, pursuing a degree in BHMS is compulsory. Similar to other courses in medical science, a BHMS graduate too has to appear in NEET to be admitted in any BHMS institute. 


What is BHMS Full Form?

As discussed above, BHMS full form is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery that covers a comprehensive study of homeopathy and is concerned with a holistic approach to medicine. Homoeopathy’s foundation lies in the fact that substances that lead to symptoms of some diseases can be used to alleviate a few health issues. 

BHMS is regulated by the Homeopathy Central Council Act 1973. This 5.5-year course requires students to cover a huge syllabus, and they are expected to grow a strong passion to learn about various aspects of homeopathy. To help students apply their theoretical knowledge in a real-life scenario, BHMS included a 1-year compulsory internship that is meant to sharpen practical skills. 

BHMS Overview

BHMS full form

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

Course level



5.5 years

Field of study

Ayurvedic Medical Science (healthcare)

Qualifying entrance exam


Who can Apply for a BHMS Course?

To serve as a homeopathic doctor, the first step is to understand whether the Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS full form) course is meant for you or not. We have mentioned the eligibility requirements to get admitted to any reputed BHMS institute in India. 

  • Candidate should be 17 years old at the time of admission.
  • To enroll in the BHMS course, aspirants need to complete their 10+2 with PCB combination of subjects
  • A candidate is required to score at least 50% marks in their 10+2
  • NEET is the qualifying exam to take admission to any medical college, hence, the candidate must get the required marks in the entrance exam.

Skills Required to Pursue BHMS

Working as a homeopathic doctor is a pretty responsible and challenging job, expecting you to possess some set of skills. If you are lately confused about whether to pursue BHMS full form of which is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery after 10+2 or not then, you should definitely check the below skill set for BHMS.

  • A great communicator who can build a strong emotional relationship with patients
  • An enthusiast who takes great pleasure in helping those in need.
  • Those who portray emotional intelligence and resilience in a pressurized situation.
  • An ardent listener who carefully understands a patient’s health problem and suggests treatment accordingly.
  • Knowledgeable in different aspects of homeopathy and use it to promote well-being among people.

How to Apply for a BHMS Course?

Here's a step-by-step application process to apply for reputed BHMS institutes. Well, slight changes can occur based on the state you are applying from. 

  1. Browse the official website of NEET-UG
  2. Complete the registration process in All India counseling
  3. Fill out the application form
  4. Upload the necessary documents 
  5. Sit for the two rounds of counseling
  6. Result is declared 
  7. Clear the mop-up round to get admission to your preferred institute

An Overview of the Admission Process in BHMS

BHMS full form is Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery which is concerned with treating people through natural ingredients. Medicines are generally in liquid form, and consist of extracts from minerals, plants and animals. With the growing demand for homeopathy, colleges generally rely on a strict admission process. NEET is perhaps the stepping stone to pursuing a BHMS course. 

Each BHMS institute conducts counseling processes conducted by AYUSH Admissions Central Counseling Committee (AACCC). Final selection is done based on NEET score, seat availability, college choices a candidate filled and reservation criteria.

Stages of BHMS Admission:

Candidates determined to pursue this booming and opportunistic medical course can pay close attention to the different stages of BHMS admission for their reference.

1st stage- Registration for Entrance: The first stepping stone leading candidates to pursue BHMS is applying for entrances like NEET, PU CET etc. Before registering, they must ensure whether their chosen medical institute accepts the score of the entrance or not.

2nd stage- Appearing for Entrance: Upon successful registration, the next step is appearing and qualifying for the exam. Candidates must ace their knowledge in subjects like Biology, Chemistry, Physics and English to enhance their chances of qualification.

3rd stage- Awaiting result: After the completion of the entrance result will be declared by the exam conducting authorities like NTA on their website. Those who could make it to the merit list can proceed further with the next process.

4th stage- Counselling: Candidates qualifying for the entrance have to sit for counselling in their chosen medical colleges for admission. Based on the admission cutoff, a merit list will be prepared. Selected candidates can complete formalities after confirming seats.

Top 4 BHMS Entrance Exams

To pursue a BHMS course, aspirants have to mandatorily appear in any of the below-mentioned entrances.

  • NEET: It is perhaps the most popular medical entrance exam and is conducted worldwide for admission in various medical courses that include BAMS, BHMS, MBBS etc. NEET exam comprises 200 objective-type questions, out of which 180 questions will be compulsory to attempt. 
  • PU CET: Itis organized by Punjab University to help students get admission to BHMS, and approximately the exam aims at filling 50 seats. There will be three sections that include physics, chemistry and biology, carrying 120 marks each.
  • TS EAMCET: It's a state-level exam conducted by JNTUH for admission to engineering and medical courses. There will be 160 MCQs based on mathematics, chemistry, physics and biology.

Is MBBS Better Than BHMS?

Medical aspirants often undergo a  common dilemma when choosing between MBBS and BHMS. To assist students select a course that helps in securing better career prospects and also aligns with their skill set, we have offered insight into both courses.

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery and is a 5.5 years course. It basically deals with theoretical and practical aspects of allopathic medicine. On the contrary, BHMS is concerned with studying the aspects of homeopathy and its treating disease with non-chemical medicines.

As far as the admission process is concerned, NEET is the only entrance to get admission to an MBBS course whereas, BHMS aspirants can appear in TS EAMCET, KEAM or PU CET other than NEET. In MBBS, learners get an opportunity to explore varied specialisations to give shape to their future endeavours. Well, BHMS students' field of study is concerned only with treating a disease with herbs but they are not capable of performing any surgery, unlike MBBS students.

Both these medical courses have their pros and cons; however, students can choose one of these two courses based on their future prospects and entrance exam score. Students with low NEET scores won't be able to get admission to MBBS college as the cutoff is higher compared to BHMS.

Syllabus of Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS Full Form)

BHMS course is pursued by aspirants willing to prosper in their career as homeopathic doctors after completing the 12th exam in the PCB stream. In a span of 5.5 years, students are educated on both theoretical and practical aspects of homeopathy. During academic sessions, students will gain a sound knowledge of human anatomy, histology, the principle of homeopathic philosophy and other related topics. 

Below is a list of topics taught in the BHMS graduate degree program. 

First Year

  • Anatomy
  • Homeopathic Pharmacy
  • Homeopathic Materia Medica
  • Physiology & Biochemistry
  • Organon of Medicine with Homeopathic Philosophy

Second Year

  • Surgery
  • Organon of Medicine with Homeopathic Philosophy
  • Pathology
  • Gynaecology & Obstetrics
  • Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Third Year

  • Gynaecology & Obstetrics
  • Homeopathic Materia Medica
  • Surgery
  • Practice of medicine
  • Repertory
  • Community medicine

Fourth Year

  • Community medicine
  • Repertory
  • Organon of Medicine with Homeopathic Philosophy
  • Homeopathic Materia Medica
  • Practice of medicine

Career Scope and Job Opportunities with BHMS Degree

In India, homeopathy has earned the reputation of being the second-largest alternative after allelopathy. Despite some criticism, homeopathy succeeds in establishing strong roots across the globe. Perhaps relying on mother nature to alleviate diseases has helped it gain the trust of people who want to cure health problems without any side effects. 

Demand for BHMS is gradually growing which means BHMS graduates have a great scope in building a prosperous and fulfilling career. Let’s check out some of the popular professions pursued by those who graduated in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. 

Homeopathic doctor

Most Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS full form) students portray an ardent desire to serve people as homeopathic doctors. A homeopathic doctor cures health issues by using naturally made medicines. These doctors understand a patient’s problem by delving deep into their medical history, diet, lifestyle and other factors that might affect health. Based on the analysis, they suggest medicines. 


Pharmacists are medical professionals who possess in-depth knowledge about the quality and effects of a medicine. They are responsible for maintaining and supervising the supply chain of medicines. As a pharmacist, you can work in a variety of areas like primary care organizations, community pharmacies and educational institutes.


If you don’t wish to work as a doctor, then BHMS graduates are in huge demand in educational institutes. As a lecturer in government or private medical colleges, you can get an opportunity to impart education on homeopathy and help aspiring homeopaths gain insights into the various concepts of Homeopathic medicine and surgery. 

To pursue this highly demanding and career oriented course, start preparing well for NEET as it is the only gateway to secure admission to top medical colleges offering BHMS courses.

List of Top Institutions Providing BHMS Course

Students aspiring to become homeopathic doctors have many options, as currently India has around 225 institutions offering BHMS  degrees, full form of which is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery, which include both Private and Govt colleges. To assist you, we have shortlisted a list of top institutions.

  • DR. D.Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Homeopathic Medical College, Pune
  • Parul University, Vadodara
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi
  • Nehru Homeopathic Medical College, New Delhi
  • National Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata
  • Kharagpur Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Kharagpur


What is BHMS full form?

Full form of BHMS is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery and is a 5.5 years graduate program in homeopathy.


What does a BHMS doctor do?

A BHMS doctor treats patients by relying on herbal medicine and diagnoses issues based on patients medical history, lifestyle and diet.


Are BHMS doctors eligible to do surgery?

No, a BHMS doctor is not held eligible to perform surgery. 


Is NEET necessary to pursue BHMS course?

BHMS colleges select students based on NEET score, cutoffs and other factors hence NEET is crucial to get admission in  BHMS course.


Is MBBS better than BHMS?

The scope of medical knowledge is comparatively higher in MBBS as BHMS professionals can cure patients with medicine but they can’t perform any surgery.