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MD Full Form

Preeti GuptaUpdated On: August 18, 2023 10:11 am IST

When visiting a hospital or clinic, you must have come across the abbreviation MD. Have you ever wondered what is the full form of MD? What do the MDs do in a hospital? What's the importance of their role? Get answers to all these questions here.

What is the Full Form of MD?

MD's full form is the Doctor of Medicine in the medical industry. The word comes from the Latin word: Medicinae Doctor, which means the teacher of medicines. MD is the highest degree in the medical field earned by doctors who already have the MBBS degree and they further want to gain recognition as surgeons and specialists.

MD Overview

MD Full Form

Doctor of Medicine

Duration of the Course


Exam to Pursue MD


Exam Conducting Body

The National Board of Examinations (NBE) for NEET PG and AIIMS for INI-CET

Language of Exam


Average Salary of an MD

INR 3-6 Lacs Per Annum

MD Course Details

MD, the full form of which is Doctor of Medicine is generally a master level popular programme that can be pursued after completing MBBS degree by the candidates. The prime objective of pursuing MD course is that it enables candidates to procure in depth knowledge and training in different fields such as General Medicine, Anatomy, Radiotherapy and related medical field. After completing the degree, the students can get hired in different key areas such as in Hospitals and Clinics, Research and educational institutions, pharmaceutical and biomedical companies and firms and even in military services or nursing programmes of military services. Top job profiles are mostly as bacteriologists, general practitioners, anaesthesiologists, obstetrician, radiologists etc. 

Why to Study MD Course? 

Apart from area of interest, one can have many benefits in studying MD courses. From the career point of view, MD courses provide many job opportunities and help in earning sustainable income. Few of the larger benefits of studying and completing MD course are: 

  • Handsome Salary Package- The candidates who have an MD degree are at larger benefits of earning a handsome salary. The average salary of doctors in India is mostly around 7 lakhs per annum. After MBBS, completing an MD degree can assure a job in top hospitals and firms. 
  • Sustainable Job Security- The job of the doctor in itself is considered as one of the most sustainable sources of income. The need of the doctors will prevail till the time life prevails. In every situation and circumstances, the need of the doctor will exist which makes job security a permanent factor. After MD courses, job security increases manifold. With increase in experience, the demand for such doctors rises. 
  • Opportunity to Work in prestigious companies- The MD graduates have multiple opportunities. After hiring, the individuals receive the training of working in the particular organization which provides them the overall exposure and knowledge in the specific field. Top hospitals like Fortis, Apollo, Medanta and organizations like Amway, Sun Pharma, Ranbaxy hires MD graduates. 

Who Can Pursue MD?

MD is a professional degree, to pursue which candidates need to meet certain conditions. Given below are the eligibility criteria for MD. A person who meets this requirement can pursue an MD, the full form of which is a Doctor of Medicine. 

  • MBBS degree from a recognized medical college or institute approved by ICMR or provisional MBBS pass certificate
  • One-year of mandatory internship
  • Practical problem-solving skills
  • A permanent or provisional registration certificate from MCI or State Medical Council as proof of MBBS qualification

MD Admission Process

Admission to MD Course is done on the basis of both merit and entrance exam basis. Details regarding both form of admission process are given below:

Merit Based Admission Process

To pursue MD Course in a particular college, the candidates need to appear in the merit based admission process. The complete process are given below:

  • Firstly, the candidates need to apply at the official portal of the particular college they want to pursue
  • Next, the candidate need to fill an application ID and form by providing and entering the details
  • The candidates who have applied need to wait for the merit list issued by the college on the specific date. If the name appear on the list, the candidate need to report on the specific date and college campus
  • The counseling phase is followed by the seat allotment process in the specific college which confirms the admission

Entrance Based Admission Process

To pursue MD Course in a particular college, the candidates need to appear in the entrance based admission process. The complete process are given below:

  • To appear in the MD entrance examination, the candidates must visit the official website of the particular college and verify the entrance examination process conducted by the authority
  • Based on the type of test conducted, the candidates must apply at the official website of the respective college and appear for the same
  • After qualifying the entrance exam, the candidate can apply at the college’s official website
  • While applying, the candidate must fill the application form by creating application ID following the necessary requirements
  • The merit list will be issued by the college and the candidate can check the name on the list and follow the further procedure and guidelines for admission

Benefits of Pursuing MD

Diverse Medical Opportunities

An MD can pursue different career options like joining a private hospital, opening own clinic, choosing a subdiscipline that focuses on research or management and a lot more. 

Opportunity to Get a Job Anywhere in the World

An MD is eligible to get a job in the medical industry all across the world.

High Demand for Doctors

As per the report published by the Telegraph, in 2013 the World Health Organization (WHO) projected a deficit of 14.5 million healthcare professionals in low and middle-income countries by 2030. This gives a clear idea of the demand for doctors. 

Fields to Pursue MD 

Doctors who want to pursue MD have several options. They can choose any option based on the field they want to gain specialization in. Given below is the list of fields an MBBS doctor can pursue for an MD degree:

MD in Anatomy

MD in Medical Genetics

MD in Radiotherapy

MD in Anesthesiology

MD in Microbiology

MD in Respiratory Medicine

MD in Biochemistry

MD in Infectious Diseases

MD in Immunohematology and Blood transfusion

MD in Biophysics

MD in Paediatrics

MD in Community medicine

MD in Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy

MD in Radio diagnosis

MD in Hospital Administration

MD in Emergency Medicine

MD in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

MD in Pharmacology

MD in Family Medicine

MD in General Medicine

MD in Health Administration

MD in Forensic Medicine

MD in Psychiatry

MD in Geriatrics

MD in Ophthalmology

MD in Physiology

MD in Obstetrics & Gynecology

Sectors One Can Join after MD

On completion MD degree, an individual gets ample career opportunities both in the public and private sector. Given below are some of the major sectors one can join after pursuing an MD:

  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Super-speciality Hospitals
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Labs
  • Nursing Homes
  • Biomedical Companies
  • Research and Medical Colleges

Other Full Forms of MD

Managing Director

In addition to the Doctor of Medicine, there is one more full form of MD. It's the Managing Director, a person who holds the senior-most position at any organization. MD works as the bridge between the employees and the higher authorities (the board of directors) of the organization. 

Mortgage Deed

MD as a short form is also used in the finance sector to inform that a particular property has been mortgaged to a financier or an institution.


Are there any other full forms of MD in the medical field?

Yes, some other full forms of MD are Mucosal Disease, Meningococcal Disease, and Medical Director. 

Is MBBS equal to MD?

No, MD is the specialization degree, which can be pursued only after completing the MBBS degree. The total duration of MBBS is 5.5 while for MD it takes 3 years to complete the course. 

Can someone join MD after the 12th?

No, MD is a post-graduation degree that can be joined only after completing the undergraduate degree, which is MBBS.