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IPS Full Form

Shuchi BagchiUpdated On: August 17, 2023 10:48 am IST

The IPS full form is Indian Police Service that is one of the three branches of All India Services (AIS), along with the IAS and the IFS. It replaced the traditional role and position of the Indian Imperial Police in 1948. An IPS officer must ensure the public’s safety by upholding and maintaining law and order. The Indian Police Service is a dream job for many individuals who wish to serve their nation and people actively. Read the article to know about the full form of IPS, History, Eligibility criteria, functions and many more details.

The IPS full form is the Indian Police Service and helps the Indian society to prevent crimes and maintain peace among the people by investigating the entire crime scene by being vigilant. The Indian Police Service is the basic stand of the Indian democracy to maintain the Sovereignty, Integrity and Law and Order of India. This is connected with the designation of entry-level IPS that the officer works as an “ASP” (Additional Superintendent of Police) and is promoted to the next level within 3-4 years which is the most important journey of the officer during the career. This is because the office is able to administer in the field role of district administration to achieve more practices for field based jobs. 

Brief History of IPS

The origin of IPS in India goes back to the British rule in India. It was also known as the Imperial Police in the British era. After independence, some rules came into effect that allowed Indians to get entry into this prestigious service. In 1948, it was renamed as the Indian Police Service. The eligibility and the exam pattern of the IPS has also changed after Independence.

IPS Overview



Post Name


IPS Full Form

Indian Police Services

Conducting Body

Union Public Service Commission

Age criteria

21-32 years

Salary Structure

Rs. 56,100- Rs. 2,25,000

Selection Process

Exam is conducted in 3 stages: Prelims, Mains and Interview

Eligibility Criteria for Recruitment of an IPS Officer

Before applying for the post of an IPS officer, the candidates must check the eligibility criteria mentioned in the website. The candidates should meet the eligibility criteria as mentioned below:

  • The candidate should be a citizen of India
  • They should have a minimum age of 21 years
  • The candidate must have completed the graduation from a well-recognized university
  • They should meet the physical fitness standards for the exam set by the authority
  • For the Unreserved and EWS categories, candidates cannot attain more than 6 attempts for this exam

Recruitment and Training Process of an IPS

The recruitment of the IPS officers is done with the aid of Civil Services Examinations, which are conducted by the UPSC. While filling up the application form, the candidate needs to choose his/her preferences for IPS, IAS and other available positions. UPSC releases the same form for both the posts. However, the applicants will be assigned the designation and training schedule as per their obtained rank and preferences in the UPSC exam.

After the release of the merit list, the selected candidates will undergo joint training for 3 months of duration. This general training will take place at the foundation level for basic courses in Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration situated in Mussoorie. After that, the IPS candidates will go for the special training module. They get this training at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Training Academy located at Hyderabad. This training duration is usually for a year. This training includes physical fitness, knowledge about law enforcement and administration.

Functions and Responsibilities of IPS Officers

Indian Police Service is the workplace where the interaction between police officers and communities is meted out to prevent and manage crimes. The field practices are provided in the entry-level officers for maintaining crime scenes in the real scenario. Candidates willing to appear for the IPS exam must be aware of all the roles and responsibilities undertaken by an IPS officer. The important responsibilities of an IPS officer is mentioned below:

  • Maintaining peace as per the law - The first and foremost duty of an IPS officer is to maintain the peace and prevent the crime adhering to the law in the areas of his/her jurisdiction.
  • Border services - Along with the day to day duty, IPS officers also have to maintain peace, law and order at borders and nearby areas.
  • Railway Police: An IPS officer works as railway police along with CRPF personnel.
  • IPS officers have to address economic offenses such as corruption and investigation in the concerned department.
  • VIP security - IPS officers are also responsible for providing security for significant individuals and events conducted in the area.
  • In all states and UTs, IPS officers are responsible for leading and commanding various agencies such as RAW, IB, CBI, CID and the CAPF.
  • A further responsibility of an IPS officer is instilling a high level of integrity and maintaining a liberal view of law, justice and administration.
  • IPS officers serve as Heads of Department in various Ministries and Departments under the federal and state governments making important policy decisions.
  • Disaster management is managed by an IPS officer along with evaluating the cause and providing solutions.
  • IPS officers are responsible for detection and prevention of crimes in the city.

Salary of an IPS Officer

This job offers a competitive income source as well as various added advantages. The first advantage is that the profession is considered one of most respecful jobs and many individuals aspire to work here. Mentioned below are the salary structure within the various ranks of an IPS. The salary of an IPS officer according to the 7th pay commission is given below:

IPS Rank


Director General of PoliceIB/CBI

Rs. 2,25,000

Director General of Police

Rs. 2,05,200

Inspector General of Police

Rs. 1,44,200

Deputy Inspector General of Police

Rs. 1,31,100

Senior Superintendent of Police

Rs. 78,800

Additional Superintendent of Police

Rs. 67,700

Deputy Superintendent of Police

Rs. 56,100

Top Post for an IPS Officer

The Chief of the Indian Police Service, known as the DGP, full form of which is Director General of Police is the highest authority in a police state . The Director General of Police who is awarded three stars, is the top police official in the Indian Union Territories and States. All DGPs are recruited through the Indian Police Service. The DGP is in the leadership of the state police force in most of the Indian states. The gross salary of a DGP can start from Rs. 80,000.

Cadre Controlling Authority for IPS

Different IPS officials in the administration can be transferred and posted by the Cadre Controlling Authority. The Ministry of Home Affairs is the Cadre Controlling Authority for IPS authorities. The Union Home minister is their reporting authority. The Cadre management of the Indian Police Service includes various appointments of the IPS officers through Regular Recruitment and by induction of State Police Officers on the basis of promotion. The IPS Officers are given basic training in SVPNPA and after successful completion of their training they are confirmed in-service. They are also allocated to various state cadres by this division.


Which exam is more difficult- IAS or IPS?

UPSC conducts the national level examination through which the recruitment to the post of IAS and IPS is done depending on the candidate’s rank obtained.

What is the salary of an IPS officer?

The salary of an IPS officer ranges from Rs. 56,000 to Rs. 2,25,000 depending on the post and experience.

What is the best stream to prepare for IPS?

The subjects studied in the field of humanities and commerce can be helpful during the preparation of an IPS.

Is it easy to become an IPS?

The preparation for the IPS exams has its own challenging level. However, with determination and hard work, an aspirant can be successful in the exam.

What is the full form of IPS?

The IPS full form is Indian Police Service.

Who made the Indian penal code?

The Indian penal code was drafted by Thomas Babington Macaulay, who is the chairman of the first law commission. The draft was completed by 1834 and was presented to the Governor-General of India in 1835.

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