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CBSE Grading System For Class 10 & Class 12 - Check Grade Distribution Criteria

Deepansh SharmaUpdated On: June 29, 2022 06:22 pm IST

CBSE follows a five-cum-nine-point scale grading system wherein A1 is the highest grade while E is the lowest. Know more about the CBSE Grading system 2022 for class 10th and 12th in the article given below.

CBSE Grading System for Class 10th and 12th for 2022

CBSE Grading System 2022: A new grading system has been introduced by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for Class 10th and 12th students. Precisely, it is a five-cum-nine-point scale grading system, which replaces the previous score based assessment, that requires students to get passing grades in subjects to get promoted to the next class. Instead of displaying the pass or fail status of a student, the CBSE grading system for class 10th and 12th would confer grades to the students. The introduction of this grading system would certainly release pressure off the students, who were earlier assessed by a single term examination at the end of an year, but now there will be a number of tests covering small portions.

The new grading system of CBSE for class 10th and 12th consists of a scale reflecting grades from A to E, which has its certain upper and lower limit( A1,A2,B1,B2 and so on), comprehensively making it a nine-point gradingsystem. This new grading system was introduced to do away with the marking system, which depicted the numeral scores on the report card. The nine-point grading system addressed to evaluate the academics of students is given in detail in the article below. 

Quick Links: 

CBSE 10th Result 2022CBSE 12th Result 2022

CBSE Board Grading System for Class 10th and 12th: Grade Distribution

The Scheme of CBSE Board exams for the year 2022 includes two semesters, the first of which will be an MCQ-based paper and the second exam will be descriptive in nature. As per the officials, Semester 1 exam i.e. the MCQ-based paper would contribute 30% while the semester 2 exam will weight 70%. Though the final decision is yet to be taken. If we talk about the marking scheme for this year’s board examination, CBSE will follow the same grading system. Aggregate scores of semesters 1 and 2 will correspond to the grades awarded.

For awarding the grades, the board will put all the passed students in a rank order and will award the grades. As per the CBSE grading system, the grade “A” is the highest grade while grade “E” is the lowest.

Grades

Grade Points

Proportion of Students

A-1

10

Top 1/8th of the passed candidates

A-2

9

Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

B-1

8

Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

B-2

7

Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

C-1

6

Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

C-2

5

Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

D-1

4

Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

D-2

C

Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

E

C

Failed candidates 

CBSE Grading System for Arts, Health and Physical Education Assessment 

In assessing the activities pertaining to arts, health and physical education, CBSE introduced a 5- point grading scale (A to E) that will be used for class 9th and 10th, with no defined indicators. The students would be evaluated in two fields i.e. Art Education, Health and Physical Education. Work Experience also counts in Physical and Health Education. There will be no upscaling of grades in these subjects.

Details of Five-point Grading for Art Education (Class 9th and 10th)

The table given below depicts the CBSE grading system for Art Education for Class 9th and 10th

Grade

Connotation

A

Exemplary

B

Proficient

C

Developing

D

Emerging

E

Beginner

CBSE Grade Distribution for Internal Assessment in Health and Physical Education

CBSE Grade Distribution for Internal Assessment in Health and Physical Education is added below in the table:

STRANDS

PERIODS (Approx)

GRADES

1. GAMES

Athletics/ Swimming Team Games

Individual Games/ Activity

Adventure Sports

90 periods

While filling online data, following grades may be filed against HPE:

Class IX-X: Grade (A-E) on 5-point scale (A, B, C, D, E)

2. Health and Fitness

50 periods

3. SEWA

50 periods

Grades of SEWA are to be considered against Work Experience

Class IX-X: Grade (A-E) on 5-point scale (A, B, C, D, E)

4. Health and Activity Card

10 periods

--

Total

200 periods

--

CBSE Grading System: Key Points

  • In case of a tie, all the students getting the same score, will get the same grade. If the number of students at a score point need to be divided into two segments, the smaller segment will go with the larger.
  • This Grading method will only be used in subjects where the number of passed candidates is more than 500.
  • With respect to subjects where the total number of candidates passing is less than 500, the grading would be adopted on the pattern of grading and distribution in other similar subjects.

CBSE General Guidelines for Board Examinations 

  • CBSE defines the scheme of the examinations and the pass criteria of the board exam, which are laid down and amended from time to time.
  • Schools conduct internal exams for class 10th & 12th ,while the boards are conducted by CBSE
  • The syllabus of class 10th & 12th will be based on the syllabus prescribed by the boards.
  • Evaluation of theory or practical papers in external subjects would be judged in numerical scores. In addition to numerical scores, the Board will also indicate grades in the marks sheets issued to the students.
  • For internal assessment subjects, only grades would be awarded.
  • Subjects of internal examination in Class X the assessment shall be made on a five point scale I.e. A,B,C,D & E.
  • The grades would be extracted from the scores in the external examinations. For internal examinations, the grades would be awarded by the schools.
  • The qualifying marks in each subject of the external examinations would be 33% . However, For Class 12( Senior School Certificate Examination),, a candidate must obtain 33% marks in the theory and 33% marks in the practicals separately in addition to 33% marks in aggregate, in order to qualify in a subject involving practical assessment.

Also Refer: CBSE Scheme of Examinations and Pass Percentage PDF

CGPA Calculator and Conversion methods in CBSE 

In addition to this grading system, a student also secures a  CGPA score(cumulative grade point assessment), which defines the average of grade points in all main subjects. However, sometimes it becomes important to convert the grades to numerical scores/ percentage to apply in competitive exams and also to fill scholarship forms as well as other important documents. During these times, the significance of the CGPA score comes into effect.

CGPA (Cumulative grade point average) is a method of evaluation based on the grading system. Precisely, CGPA is the grade point average of a student.

How to calculate percentage using Grade Points for CBSE Class 10th & Class 12th?

To calculate percentage, add the grade points for the five main subjects and then divide the sum by 5. The last step is to multiply the average grade point by 9.5 and the value thus obtained will be the required Percentage. For example, Suppose a student secures the following grade points for the five main subjects

SUBJECTS

GRADE POINTS

SUBJECT 1

9

SUBJECT 2

8

SUBJECT 3

9

SUBJECT 4

6

SUBJECT 5

8

TOTAL

40

Now, the following steps are to be followed to calculate the CGPA:

  • Add the grade points i.e 9+8+9+6+8 = 40
  • Divide the sum by 5 i.e 40/5 = 8
  • Hence, CGPA obtained is 8.

CBSE Grade Table and CBSE CGPA to Percentage

Students can also calculate the subject wise indicative percentage of marks. They just have to multiply Grade points of a subject with 9.5. The table below will help students in calculating their CGPA.

GRADE

GRADE POINTS

RANGE OF MARKS

PERCENTAGE (CGPA x 9.5)

A1

10

91-100

95%

A2

9

81-90

85.5%

B1

8

71-80

76%

B2

7

61-70

66.5%

C1

6

51-60

57%

C2

5

41-50

47.5%

D1

4

33-40

38%

D2

C

21-32

Eligible to appear in Compartment exams

E

C

00-20

Eligible to appear in Compartment exams

Advantages and Disadvantages of CGPA System

The CGPA system has been a dubious method when it comes to the assessment of the academics of a student.

A comparative analysis of the merits and demerits of the CGPA system is provided below.

Merits of CGPA System

  • The CGPA system helps the students to analyze their strengths and weaknesses and ultimately helps them to improve.
  • As already mentioned, The CGPA system releases the pressure of getting high marks as the numerical marks are not indicated on the report card.

Demerits of CGPA System

  • The CGPA system does not reflect the actual performance of a student. More or less, it indicates the approximate performance. 
  • Since CGPA is formatted as a grading system, Students tend to perform under their potential because they know that they can obtain the targeted grade even by committing a few mistakes as the grade band is of commendable size .

Now This gives us a handsome idea on the CBSE grading system 2022 for class 10th and class 12th. 

FAQs

How to convert CGPA into percentage?

CGPA(Cumulative grade point average) is a method of evaluation based on the grading system. 

 CGPA is calculated as: CGPA = Sum of grade points obtained in 5 main subjects/5.

 In order to convert CGPA into percentage, multiply the CGPA score by 9.5 i.e. 

                Percentage= CGPA score x 9.5

  For eg. A candidate scores 9 CGPA, then his/her percentage would be 9x9.5= 85.5%.

 

What is the grading system for CBSE 2022?

The CBSE grading system for the session 2021-2022 is the same as that adopted in 2009. Grades would be awarded based on the marks scored in a particular subject. Then, a cumulative average of the total grades obtained would be calculated as the overall CGPA.

 

What is the eligibility criteria to appear for compartment exams?

A candidate failing in two or more subjects, out of the total five subjects of external examination, is eligible to give compartment in those subjects, provided he/she qualifies in all the subjects of internal assessment.

 

What if I fail in one of the subjects, Do I need to repeat the year?

According to the CBSE Scheme of Examination, if a student fails in any one of the three elective subjects ( Science, Mathematics and Social Science), then the subject in which he/she has failed will be replaced by the 'Skill Subject (offered as a 6th additional subject). 

 

What are the maximum marks of a subject in CBSE Class 10th Examination?

The maximum marks of a theory subject will be 80 while the internal assessment will be of 20 marks. 

 

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